Bar coding for patient safety

Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts, United States
New England Journal of Medicine (Impact Factor: 54.42). 08/2005; 353(4):329-31. DOI: 10.1056/NEJMp058101
Source: PubMed
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    ABSTRACT: Medication errors were defined as errors in medication ordering, transcribing, dispensing, administering, or monitoring. Quasi experimental design was conducted for this study, The study aimed to identifying nurses needs of knowledge, practice, and attitude, developing guideline model for prevention of medication errors according to nurses needs and evaluating the effect of guideline model for prevention of medication error on nurses knowledge, practice, and attitude. The study was conducted in the pediatric medical, surgical and neonatal intensive care units in Al – Basher hospital in Amman city Jordan. This is a convenient sample of 85 registered nurses who's worked in the mentioned above setting. For data collection an interview questionnaire (pre/ posttest format) was used to assess nurses knowledge and practices as regard to definition, causes, contributing factorsand complication of medication errors also medication calculations, correct reading order, review patient six rights and double check of medication. The result of the study showed the effectiveness of guideline model on nurses who caring with children for medication administration. The implementation of guideline model showed significant improvement in nurses knowledge regarding all tested items , also concluded that the highest statistical significant improvement in nursing practices were noticed in most of the tested area which lead to prevent of medication errors . According to this study it is recommended that using the guideline model by all pediatric nurses which are dealing with children to prevent the medication errors, encourage continuous education program for pediatric nurses by using the different educational strategies to achieve high level of care for children and develop other standardized guideline model relevant to different aspect in pediatric nursing in order to cover most of the nurses educational needs. [Hanan T., Elbahnasawy,SamiaElnagar and Maha Atout.
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