[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Medication errors were defined as errors in medication ordering, transcribing, dispensing, administering, or monitoring. Quasi experimental design was conducted for this study, The study aimed to identifying nurses needs of knowledge, practice, and attitude, developing guideline model for prevention of medication errors according to nurses needs and evaluating the effect of guideline model for prevention of medication error on nurses knowledge, practice, and attitude. The study was conducted in the pediatric medical, surgical and neonatal intensive care units in Al – Basher hospital in Amman city Jordan. This is a convenient sample of 85 registered nurses who's worked in the mentioned above setting. For data collection an interview questionnaire (pre/ posttest format) was used to assess nurses knowledge and practices as regard to definition, causes, contributing factorsand complication of medication errors also medication calculations, correct reading order, review patient six rights and double check of medication. The result of the study showed the effectiveness of guideline model on nurses who caring with children for medication administration. The implementation of guideline model showed significant improvement in nurses knowledge regarding all tested items , also concluded that the highest statistical significant improvement in nursing practices were noticed in most of the tested area which lead to prevent of medication errors . According to this study it is recommended that using the guideline model by all pediatric nurses which are dealing with children to prevent the medication errors, encourage continuous education program for pediatric nurses by using the different educational strategies to achieve high level of care for children and develop other standardized guideline model relevant to different aspect in pediatric nursing in order to cover most of the nurses educational needs. [Hanan T., Elbahnasawy,SamiaElnagar and Maha Atout.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Measuring antimicrobial use is an important way to provide metrics that support more vigorous, facility-specific stewardship efforts, which in turn will be a major step toward reducing unnecessary use of broad-spectrum antimicrobials. Yet no single system is available in the U.S. that can meet stewardship needs at the level of individual hospitals, and provide benchmarks, monitor trends, and measure the magnitude of antimicrobial use at the regional, state, and national levels. Hence CDC is pursuing three distinct and complimentary efforts that remain focused on providing "data for action" including facility-level use metrics for benchmarking accross comparable patient care settings, national estimates of usage patterns using sentinel surveillance sites, and limited assessments using proprietary data.
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