Impact of atherosclerosis-related gene polymorphisms on mortality and recurrent events after myocardial infarction.
ABSTRACT Although previous epidemiologic studies have suggested an association between the onset of myocardial infarction (MI) and some genetic variations, the impact of these variants on recurrent cardiovascular events after MI has not been fully elucidated. We genotyped 87 polymorphisms of 73 atherosclerosis-related genes in consecutive acute MI patients registered in the Osaka Acute Coronary Insufficiency Study and compared the incidence of death and major adverse cardiac events (MACE) among the polymorphisms of each gene. After initial screening in 507 patients, we selected nine polymorphisms for screening in all 1586 patients. Multivariate Cox regression analysis revealed that G allele carriers at the position 252 of the lymphotoxin alpha (LTA) gene were independently associated with an increased risk of death (hazard ratio [HR]: 2.46; 95% CI: 1.24-4.86). In conclusion, a 252G allele of LTA is associated with an increased risk of death after AMI and may be a useful genetic predictor.
- Atherosclerosis 02/2004; 172(1):197-8. · 3.71 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Type 1 diabetes is believed to be a Th1 lymphocyte-mediated disease, and both environmental and genetic factors play a role in its pathogenesis. It was recently found that interleukin (IL)-18 acts as a proinflammatory cytokine and, in synergy with IL-12, promotes development of Th1 lymphocyte response by induction of gamma-interferon production. The aim of our study was to evaluate the frequency of known polymorphisms in the IL-18 promoter in patients with type 1 diabetes in comparison with healthy control subjects, since higher levels of IL-18 were recently reported in the subclinical stage of type 1 diabetes. We studied two recently described single-nucleotide polymorphisms of the promoter of IL-18 gene at the position -137 and -607, which have been suggested to cause differences in transcription factor binding and have an impact on IL-18 gene activity. The genotype distribution differed significantly between patients with type 1 diabetes and control subjects. The difference reflected an increase in the GC genotypes and a decrease in GG genotypes at position -137 in the promoter of IL-18 gene. AA genotype at position -607 was found only in the control group. The results also demonstrated that the contribution of -137GC genotypes to genetic susceptibility to type 1 diabetes differs depending on the combination of IL-18 promotor gene haplotypes. Our study suggests the first evidence of an association between type 1 diabetes and polymorphisms in the promoter of IL-18 gene.Diabetes 12/2002; 51(11):3347-9. · 7.90 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is characterized by a chronic relapsing intestinal inflammation. IBD is subdivided into Crohn disease and ulcerative colitis phenotypes. Given the immunologic dysregulation in IBD, the human-leukocyte-antigen region on chromosome 6p is of significant interest. Previous association and linkage analysis has provided conflicting evidence as to the existence of an IBD-susceptibility locus in this region. Here we report on a two-stage linkage and association analysis of both a basic population of 353 affected sibling pairs (ASPs) and an extension of this population to 428 white ASPs of northern European extraction. Twenty-eight microsatellite markers on chromosome 6 were genotyped. A peak multipoint LOD score of 4.2 was observed, at D6S461, for the IBD phenotype. A transmission/disequilibrium test (TDT) result of P=.006 was detected for D6S426 in the basic population and was confirmed in the extended cohort (P=.004; 97 vs. 56 transmissions). The subphenotypes of Crohn disease, ulcerative colitis, and mixed IBD contributed equally to this linkage, suggesting a general role for the chromosome 6 locus in IBD. Analysis of five single-nucleotide polymorphisms in the TNFA and LTA genes did not reveal evidence for association of these important candidate genes with IBD. In summary, we provide firm linkage evidence for an IBD-susceptibility locus on chromosome 6p and demonstrate that TNFA and LTA are unlikely to be susceptibility loci for IBD.The American Journal of Human Genetics 01/2000; 65(6):1647-55. · 11.20 Impact Factor