Analysis of the role of RsbV, RsbW, and RsbY in regulating {sigma}B activity in Bacillus cereus.

Wageningen Centre for Food Sciences, Wageningen, The Netherlands.
Journal of Bacteriology (Impact Factor: 2.69). 09/2005; 187(16):5846-51. DOI: 10.1128/JB.187.16.5846-5851.2005
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT The alternative sigma factor sigma(B) is an important regulator of the stress response of Bacillus cereus. Here, the role of the regulatory proteins RsbV, RsbW, and RsbY in regulating sigma(B) activity in B. cereus is analyzed. Functional characterization of RsbV and RsbW showed that they act as an anti-sigma factor antagonist and an anti-sigma factor, respectively. RsbW can also act as a kinase on RsbV. These data are in line with earlier functional characterizations of RsbV and RsbW homologs in B. subtilis. The rsbY gene is unique to B. cereus and its closest relatives and is predicted to encode a protein with an N-terminal CheY domain and a C-terminal PP2C domain. In an rsbY deletion mutant, the sigma(B) response upon stress exposure was almost completely abolished, but the response could be restored by complementation with full-length rsbY. Expression analysis showed that rsbY is transcribed from both a sigma(A)-dependent promoter and a sigma(B)-dependent promoter. The central role of RsbY in regulating the activity of sigma(B) indicates that in B. cereus, the sigma(B) activation pathway is markedly different from that in other gram-positive bacteria.

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May 17, 2014