Data quality in an information-rich environment: Canada as an example.
ABSTRACT This review evaluates the quality of available administrative data in the Canadian provinces, emphasizing the information needed to create integrated systems. We explicitly compare approaches to quality measurement, indicating where record linkage can and cannot substitute for more expensive record re-abstraction. Forty-nine original studies evaluating Canadian administrative data (registries, hospital abstracts, physician claims, and prescription drugs) are summarized in a structured manner. Registries, hospital abstracts, and physician files appear to be generally of satisfactory quality, though much work remains to be done. Data quality did not vary systematically among provinces. Primary data collection to check place of residence and longitudinal follow-up in provincial registries is needed. Promising initial checks of pharmaceutical data should be expanded. Because record linkage studies were ''conservative'' in reporting reliability, the reduction of time-consuming record re-abstraction appears feasible in many cases. Finally, expanding the scope of administrative data to study health, as well as health care, seems possible for some chronic conditions. The research potential of the information-rich environments being created highlights the importance of data quality.
SourceAvailable from: mspace.lib.umanitoba.ca
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ABSTRACT: Physician claims data are one of the largest sources of coded health information unique to Canada. There is skepticism from data users about the quality of this data. This study investigated features of diagnostic codes used in the Alberta physician claims database.BMC Research Notes 10/2014; 7(1):682. DOI:10.1186/1756-0500-7-682
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ABSTRACT: Pelvic fractures in women significantly disrupt the pelvic floor, which may cause stress urinary incontinence (SUI) or pelvic organ prolapse (POP). Our objective was to assess the incidence of operative treatment for SUI and POP after pelvic fracture. We used administrative data from Ontario, Canada, to conduct a retrospective cohort study. Female patients who underwent operative repair of a pelvic fracture between 2002 and 2010 were identified. The primary outcomes were the subsequent surgical treatment of SUI or POP. To compare the incidence with that of the general population, patients who had operative repair of a pelvic fracture were matched (1:2) to a person in the general population (with a propensity score to account for measurable potential confounders). Our primary analysis was a Cox proportional hazards model to compare hazard ratios (HR) in subjects with a pelvic facture and those without. We identified 390 female patients with a median age of 47 (IQR 30-67) years. Our median follow-up period was 5.9 (4.1-8.3) years. The absolute risk of SUI surgery after pelvic fracture was 3.3 % (13 out of 390) compared with 1.0 % (8 out of 769) in the matched general population sample. The HR for SUI surgery was 5.8 (95 % CI 2.2-15.1). The absolute risk of POP surgery after pelvic fracture was 1.8 % (7 out of 390) compared with 0.9 % (7 out of 769) in the matched general population. The HR for POP surgery was 2.3 (95 % CI 0.9-5.8). Among patients who had a pelvic fracture requiring operative repair, there appears to be a significantly increased chance of surgery for SUI, but not for POP.International Urogynecology Journal 02/2015; DOI:10.1007/s00192-014-2624-2 · 2.17 Impact Factor