Expression and tissue distribution of astacin-like squid metalloprotease (ALSM).
ABSTRACT Astacin metalloprotease family members function in a wide variety of biologic events, including cell differentiation and morphogenesis during embryonic development and adult tissue differentiation. We previously isolated and characterized an astacin-like squid metalloprotease (ALSM). To elucidate the embryonic expression of ALSM, we performed immunohistochemical analysis with specific antibodies and examined the expression profiles of ALSM isoforms by in situ hybridization analysis. Tissue distribution and expression were also examined in adult spear squid. mRNA expression of ALSM isoforms I and III was first detected in newly hatched squid and was restricted to the liver. No mRNA signals were detected in other tissues even in adult squids. At the protein level, both isoforms were prominent in the liver of embryos and later in digestive organs of adult squid. Both isoforms were also detected in muscle tissues, including mantle and tentacle muscle. Staining for ALSM III was also identified in the iris and in tissues near the eye in squid embryos. However, no reactive bands were detected by immunoblotting of adult squid eyes. Thus, ALSM is initially expressed at the late stage of embryogenesis in spear squid, and expression is restricted to the liver. Thereafter, ALSM isoforms function in various tissues in an isoform-dependent manner.
Article: Comparative expression and tissue distribution analyses of astacin-like squid metalloprotease in squid and cuttlefish.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Astacin-like squid metalloprotease (ALSM) is a member of the astacin family of metalloproteases. In the present study, we investigated the expression and tissue distribution of ALSM in bigfin reef squid (Sepioteuthis lessoniana) and golden cuttlefish (Sepia esculenta). Myosin heavy chain hydrolysis tests showed ALSM-I-like activity in both species. We isolated partial cDNA clones showing high sequence similarity to ALSM-I and -III, suggesting that ALSM is common to squid and cuttlefish. Phylogenetic analysis showed that ALSMs are classified into two clades: ALSM-I forms one clade, and ALSM-II and -III form the other. ALSM was expressed in several tissues in bigfin reef squid, though expression was confined to the liver in cuttlefish. ALSMs are distributed in digestive organs but not in mantle muscle of squid and cuttlefish. Immunofluorescence analysis further showed that cellular localization of ALSM is evident not only in hepatic cells but also in pancreatic cells of bigfin reef squid. Thus, ALSM is commonly expressed in squid and cuttlefish, but its expression levels and distribution are distinct.ZOOLOGICAL SCIENCE 02/2008; 25(1):14-21. · 0.95 Impact Factor