Epstein-Barr virus is associated with all histological subtypes of Hodgkin lymphoma in Vietnamese children with special emphasis on the entity of lymphocyte predominance subtype.
ABSTRACT Early acquisition of Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) infection is prevalent in developing countries. We studied infectious mononucleosis (IM) and the subtypes of Hodgkin lymphoma (HL) with the status of EBV infection in Vietnamese children. Among the 46 cases of HL, the male-to-female ratio was 38:8, and the mean age at presentation was 6.6 years. Similar to the subtype distribution in developed countries, cases were classified as nodular sclerosis (NSHL) subtype in 56.5% (n = 26), mixed cellularity (MCHL) in 23.9% (n = 11), lymphocyte-rich classic (LRCHL) in 8.7% (n = 4), lymphocyte depletion (LDHL) subtype in 4.4% (n = 2), and nodular lymphocyte predominance (NLPHL) subtype in 6.5% (n = 3). However, in situ hybridization for EBV-encoded RNA revealed that the tumor cells were positive in 93.2% (41/44) of cases, including all 3 cases of nodular lymphocyte predominance HL. Expression of CD20 on Reed-Sternberg cells could be demonstrated in 17% (7/42) of classic HL. The high incidence of EBV in these cases of HL was correlated with an earlier mean age of presentation of primary EBV infection (ie, IM), at 5.3 years, in this patient population, compared with an average of 15 to 19 years reported in developed countries. This study demonstrates that in an area with an earlier mean age of onset of EBV infection, nearly all cases of pediatric HL, including all histological patterns, may be related to EBV infection. The association of NLPHL with EBV is unusual, and the literature is reviewed and discussed.
Article: Aberrant expression of ID2 protein and its correlation with EBV-LMP1 and P16(INK4A) in classical Hodgkin lymphoma in China.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: The relationships between the expression of ID2, EBV-LMP1 and P16(INK4A) in Chinese classical Hodgkin lymphoma are unknown and need exploring. Samples of classical Hodgkin lymphoma from 60 Chinese patients were analyzed for the expression of ID2, EBV-LMP1 and p16(INK4A) proteins by immunohistochemistry. ID2 protein was expressed in 83.3% of this group of classical Hodgkin lymphoma, staining strongly in both cytoplasm and nucleus of the Hodgkin and Reed-Sternberg (HRS) cells. EBV-LMP1 and P16(INK4A) were overexpressed in 85.0% and 71.7% of Hodgkin lymphoma, respectively. EBV-LMP1 was noted in the cytoplasm, membrane and nucleus of HRS cells; P16(INK4A) was in the nucleus and cytoplasm. Microscopically, ID2, EBV-LMP1 and P16(INK4A) staining distinguished the HRS cells from the complex background of lymphocytes. ID2 was positively correlated with EBV-LMP1(P < 0.01), but P16(INK4A) was inversely related to EBV-LMP1 (P < 0.05). It is suggested that ID2, EBV-LMP1 and P16(INK4A) could play an important role in the evolution of classical Hodgkin lymphoma, and be considered as potential adjunct markers to identify HRS cells in diagnosis.BMC Cancer 12/2008; 8:379. · 3.01 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The burden of lymphomas on the health care system in Nigeria is enormous. Correct diagnosis and identification of aetiological factor are important steps in reducing this burden. Eight cases diagnosed as HL within a period of six years at the Obafemi Awolowo University teaching Hospital, Ile-Ife, Nigeria by haematoxylin and eosin (Hand E) only were immunophenotyped using the indirect immunoperoxidase method. Epstein-Barr virus latent membrane protein-1 (LMP-1), CD15 and CD30 immunohistochemistry was also performed. The clinical characteristics of each patient were documented. To document the frequency of involvement of Epstein-Barr virus in cases of HL seen in a university hospital in Nigeria. Out of the eight cases diagnosed by H&E as HL immunophenotyping showed only five were HL. The rest were non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (2 diffuse large B-cell and 1 null cell ALCL). All were cases of classical HL with 60% being of the mixed cellularity (MC) subtype. There were 2 males and 3 females with ages ranging from 7 years to 40 years. All presented with cervical lymphadenopathy and three had splenomegaly in addition. 60% of the tumour was EBV positive, all of the MC subtype. Three patients had chemotherapy. Eventually all were lost to follow-up. There was no case of the nodular lymphocyte predominance variant. Mixed cellularity is the most common subtype and is the only subtype associated with EBV positivity in this study. Epstein-Barr virus probably plays an important role in the aetiology of HL in Nigerians.African health sciences 09/2009; 9(3):174-8.
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ABSTRACT: In the past few years, there has been a greater understanding of the spectrum and biology of Hodgkin lymphoma (HL). In standard texts, HL is classified as 2 distinct entities, namely nodular lymphocyte-predominant HL and classical HL (CHL). However, recent evidence suggests that CHL is not a single disease. Although the mixed cellularity and lymphocyte-depleted subtypes might be part of a biologic continuum, the nodular sclerosis subtype has a distinct epidemiology, clinical presentation, and histology. Nodular sclerosis HL might also be related to primary mediastinal B-cell lymphoma and mediastinal gray-zone lymphomas. We present an update on the pathobiology of HL and discuss these biologic and clinical differences in this review.Clinical Lymphoma & Myeloma 07/2009; 9(3):206-16. · 1.13 Impact Factor