An unusual case of insomnia associated with Whipple encephalopathy: first case reported from Greece.
ABSTRACT Whipple disease is a relapsing systemic illness caused by Tropheryma whippelii. Central nervous system involvement occurs in 5%-40% of all patients. Hypothalamic manifestations occur in 31% of Whipple encephalopathy, including polydipsia, hyperphagia, change in libido and insomnia. We report a case of a 48-year-old man with severe insomnia, depression, dementia, dysarthria, myoclonic movements of the limbs and ophthalmoplegia. The diagnosis of Whipple encephalopathy was confirmed by PCR analysis of blood and faeces. He received a full dose of antibiotic treatment. Despite clinical improvement, resolution of the lesions detected in MRI scan of the brain and negative results of the PCR in blood, faeces and cerebrospinal fluid six months later, insomnia persisted and finally subsided after the administration of carbamazepine (600 mg/day). Our case supports the finding that carbamazepine might be useful in the treatment of insomnia associated with Whipple encephalopathy.