Determination of rabeprazole and its active metabolite, rabeprazole thioether in human plasma by column-switching high-performance liquid chromatography and its application to pharmacokinetic study.
ABSTRACT A new sensitive column-switching high-performance liquid chromatographic (HPLC) method with ultraviolet detection was developed for the simultaneous determination of rabeprazole, a proton pump inhibitor, and its active metabolite, rabeprazole thioether in human plasma. Rabeprazole, its thioether metabolite and 5-methyl-2-[(4-(3-methoxypropoxy)-3-methyl pyridin-2-yl) methyl sulfinyl]-1H-benzimidazole, as an internal standard were extracted from 1 ml of plasma using diethyl ether-dichloromethane (9:1, v/v) mixture and the extract was injected into a column I (TSK-PW precolumn, 10 microm, 35 mmx4.6mm I.D.) for clean-up and column II (C18 Grand ODS-80TM TS analytical column, 5 microm, 250 mmx4.6 mm I.D.) for separation. The peak was detected with an ultraviolet detector set at a wavelength of 288 nm, and the total time for chromatographic separation was approximately 25 min. Mean absolute recoveries were 78.0 and 88.3% for rabeprazole and rabeprazole thioether, respectively. Intra- and inter-day coefficient variations were less than 6.5 and 4.5% for rabeprazole, 3.6 and 5.3% for rabeprazole thioether, respectively, at the different concentration ranges. The validated concentration ranges of this method were 1-1000 ng/ml for rabeprazole and 3-500 ng/ml for rabeprazole thioether. The limits of quantification were 1 ng/ml for rabeprazole and 3 ng/ml for rabeprazole thioether. The method was suitable for therapeutic drug monitoring and was applied to pharmacokinetic study in human volunteers.
- SourceAvailable from: Ganta Madhusudhan ReddySynthetic communications. 01/2009; 39:278-290..
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ABSTRACT: A highly selective, sensitive and accurate HPLC method has been developed and validated for the estimation of four proton-pump inhibitors (PPI), lansoprazole (LPZ), omeprazole (OPZ), pantoprazole (PPZ) and rabeprazole (RPZ), with 500 microL human plasma using zonisamide as an internal standard (IS). The sample preparation involved simple liquid-liquid extraction of LPZ, OPZ, PPZ and RPZ and IS from human plasma with ethyl acetate. The baseline separation of all the peaks was achieved with 0.1% triethylamine (pH 6.0):acetonitrile (72:28, v/v) at a flow rate of 1 mL/min on a Zorbax C(8) column. The total chromatographic run time was 11.0 min and the simultaneous elution of IS, OPZ, RPZ, PPZ and LPZ occurred at approximately 2.42, 4.45, 5.02 and 9.37 min, respectively. The method was proved to be accurate and precise at linearity range of 20.61-1999.79 ng/mL with a correlation coefficient (r) of >or=0.999. The limit of quantitation for each of the PPI studied was 20.61 ng/mL. The intra- and inter-day precision and accuracy values were found to be within the assay variability limits as per the FDA guidelines. The developed assay method was applied to a pharmacokinetic study in human volunteers.Biomedical Chromatography 05/2009; 23(7):732-9. · 1.95 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Rabeprazole sodium (Aciphex®) is a gastric proton pump inhibitor used for the prevention and treatment of gastric acid–related diseases. During the synthesis of bulk drug of rabeprazole sodium, we have observed metabolites rabeprazole sulfide and rabeprazole sulfone and related substances rabeprazole-N-oxide, rabeprazole sulfone-N-oxide, N-aralkyl rabeprazole, chloro rabeprazole, and methoxy rabeprazole as impurities in the drug substance. The present work describes the synthesis and characterization of these compounds.Synthetic Communications 01/2009; 39(2):278-290. · 1.06 Impact Factor