Pulmonary rehabilitation and COPD.
ABSTRACT Pulmonary rehabilitation has been well established and increasingly recommended in disease management plans for patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Key elements include a multidisciplinary approach to care, focus on the individual patient, and attention to emotional and social as well as physical aspects of health. Appropriate candidates are symptomatic patients with chronic lung disease who are aware of their disability and motivated to participate actively in their own health care. Pulmonary rehabilitation has also been useful for patients with other types of chronic lung diseases. Program components include a careful patient evaluation, education, instruction in respiratory and chest physiotherapy techniques, exercise training, and psychosocial support. Benefits demonstrated in a growing body of evidence include improvement in symptoms, exercise tolerance, and quality of life and reduction in utilization of health care resources. Pulmonary rehabilitation has also been included as an adjunct to surgical programs such as lung transplantation and lung volume reduction surgery.
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ABSTRACT: PURPOSE: The pulmonary rehabilitation program has become a cornerstone in the management of patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Programs based in hospital and treatment facilities, however, are inconvenient and underutilized. A home-based program is a promising alternative, but studies of its effectiveness have yielded inconsistent results. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the impact of home-based pulmonary rehabilitation programs on health-related quality of life (HRQoL) and other health outcomes in patients with COPD. METHODS: Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) of home-based pulmonary rehabilitation programs published between February 1991 and February 2012 were retrieved from electronic databases (PubMed, Cochrane Library, Science Direct, China National Knowledge Infrastructure [CNKI], and Wanfang Database). Two reviewers independently assessed topical relevance and trial quality, extracted data for meta-analysis using the Review Manager v5.1 software, and contacted the original studies' authors for additional information. FINDINGS: Eighteen trials, comprising 733 randomized patients, were included in the meta-analysis. COPD patients experienced significant relief in dyspnea status, measured by the Borg score (Fixed effects model, WMD = -0.92, 95% CI: -1.61~-0.23, p = .009) and baseline dyspnea index (BDI) (Fixed effects model, WMD = -1.77, 95% CI: -2.65~-0.89, p < .0001) after 12 weeks of home-based intervention. Home-based intervention also improved patients' HRQoL scores, measured by the Chronic Respiratory Questionnaire (CRQ) and St. George's Respiratory Questionnaire (SGRQ) (Fixed effects model, WMD = -11.33, 95% CI: -16.37~-6.29, p < .0001, SGRQ total scores after 12 weeks of intervention); exercise capacity (measured by the 6-minute walking distance test (6MWD) (Fixed effects model, WMD = 35.88, 95% CI: 9.38~62.38, p = .008, after 12 weeks of intervention); and pulmonary functions (measured by forced expiratory volume in one-second/forced vital capacity (FEV1 /FVC) [Random effects model, WMD = -10.72, 95% CI: -15.86~-5.58, p < .0001, after 12 weeks of intervention), as compared with the nonintervention control group; however, no statistically significant changes were seen in maximal workload, hospital admission, cost of care, or mortality between the two groups. CONCLUSIONS AND CLINICAL RELEVANCE: Home-based pulmonary rehabilitation programs represent effective therapeutic intervention approaches for relieving COPD-associated respiratory symptoms and improving HRQoL and exercise capacity. Rigorously designed, large-scale RCTs are still needed to identify an optimal standard home-based pulmonary rehabilitation program.Rehabilitation nursing: the official journal of the Association of Rehabilitation Nurses 06/2013; · 0.85 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Introduction: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is the fourth leading cause of death in the United States, and millions of COPD patients are disabled and unable to work. Pulmonary rehabilitation (PR) programs are available to assist with disability, but it is not clear who is likely to consistently participate in them. The purpose of this study was to determine which participants were likely to consistently attend a PR program.Methods: A retrospective medical record review was used to assess 104 community-dwelling adults with COPD who completed the PR program at a Midwest medical center between 2000 and 2005.Sample: The sample consisted of 32 men and 72 women with a mean age of 59.9 years (±19.10 years), mean predicted one-second forced expiratory volume (FEV(1)) of 46.45% (SD = 20.1), mean percent forced vital capacity (FVC%) of 67.61 (SD = 16.61), mean FEV(1)/FVC% ratio of 51.15% (SD = 18.17), and mean residual volume (RV) of 150.66% (SD = 67.01).Results: Contextual variables of current smoking (beta = -.36), male sex (beta = .19), not having emphysema (beta = -.27), and FVC% (beta = .32) were significant predictors of attendance at (a dose of) PR. The number of selected comorbidities significantly predicted the dose of PR (beta = -.20).Conclusion: These findings support the ability to identify factors that predict attendance at a PR program. Nurses can assess patients at risk for lack of consistent PR attendance and implement interventions to improve attendance. Specifically, smoking cessation prior to or as an integral part of PR programs may improve attendance.The Permanente journal 01/2007; 11(4):50-3.
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ABSTRACT: To explore the relationship between one-minute slices and full-session interaction and the predictive validity of the slices to ratings of affect and rapport. Third-year medical students (n=253) were videotaped during an OSCE. All interaction was coded using the Roter Interaction Analysis System (RIAS) and samples were drawn at minutes 1, 5, and 9 and extracted from the coded database. The slices were related in multivariate analysis to full-session interaction, corrected for slice content, and correlated with affect ratings of participants and independently rated judgments of rapport. One-minute slices explained 33% of full-session variance in student interaction and 30% of variance in standardized patient interaction. Slices were significantly correlated with affective ratings of participants and independent judgments of rapport in a similar pattern as full-session interaction analysis. One-minute slices of interaction can provide a meaningful degree of insight into OSCE session communication with both concurrent and predictive validity to ratings of session affect and rapport. Evidence of concurrent and predictive validity further supports use of this approach as a research tool that provides an efficient means of analyzing processes of care, examining variation in communication throughout a visit and predicting visit outcomes.Patient Education and Counseling 03/2011; 82(3):410-9. · 2.60 Impact Factor