Pulmonary rehabilitation and COPD.
ABSTRACT Pulmonary rehabilitation has been well established and increasingly recommended in disease management plans for patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Key elements include a multidisciplinary approach to care, focus on the individual patient, and attention to emotional and social as well as physical aspects of health. Appropriate candidates are symptomatic patients with chronic lung disease who are aware of their disability and motivated to participate actively in their own health care. Pulmonary rehabilitation has also been useful for patients with other types of chronic lung diseases. Program components include a careful patient evaluation, education, instruction in respiratory and chest physiotherapy techniques, exercise training, and psychosocial support. Benefits demonstrated in a growing body of evidence include improvement in symptoms, exercise tolerance, and quality of life and reduction in utilization of health care resources. Pulmonary rehabilitation has also been included as an adjunct to surgical programs such as lung transplantation and lung volume reduction surgery.
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Article: Why act early in COPD?Monaldi archives for chest disease = Archivio Monaldi per le malattie del torace / Fondazione clinica del lavoro, IRCCS [and] Istituto di clinica tisiologica e malattie apparato respiratorio, Università di Napoli, Secondo ateneo 10/2006; 65(3):152-9.
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ABSTRACT: Introduction: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is the fourth leading cause of death in the United States, and millions of COPD patients are disabled and unable to work. Pulmonary rehabilitation (PR) programs are available to assist with disability, but it is not clear who is likely to consistently participate in them. The purpose of this study was to determine which participants were likely to consistently attend a PR program.Methods: A retrospective medical record review was used to assess 104 community-dwelling adults with COPD who completed the PR program at a Midwest medical center between 2000 and 2005.Sample: The sample consisted of 32 men and 72 women with a mean age of 59.9 years (±19.10 years), mean predicted one-second forced expiratory volume (FEV(1)) of 46.45% (SD = 20.1), mean percent forced vital capacity (FVC%) of 67.61 (SD = 16.61), mean FEV(1)/FVC% ratio of 51.15% (SD = 18.17), and mean residual volume (RV) of 150.66% (SD = 67.01).Results: Contextual variables of current smoking (beta = -.36), male sex (beta = .19), not having emphysema (beta = -.27), and FVC% (beta = .32) were significant predictors of attendance at (a dose of) PR. The number of selected comorbidities significantly predicted the dose of PR (beta = -.20).Conclusion: These findings support the ability to identify factors that predict attendance at a PR program. Nurses can assess patients at risk for lack of consistent PR attendance and implement interventions to improve attendance. Specifically, smoking cessation prior to or as an integral part of PR programs may improve attendance.The Permanente journal 01/2007; 11(4):50-3.
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ABSTRACT: The benefits of a domiciliary program of pulmonary rehabilitation for patients with severe to very severe chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) are uncertain. We aimed to assess the short- and medium-term efficacy of such a program in this clinical setting. Patients with severe COPD (stages III-IV, classification of the Global Initiative for Chronic Obstructive Lung Disease) and incapacitating dyspnea (scores 3-5, Medical Research Council [MRC] scale) were randomized to a control or domiciliary rehabilitation group. The 9-week supervised pulmonary rehabilitation program included educational sessions, respiratory physiotherapy, and muscle training in weekly sessions in the patient's home. We assessed the following variables at baseline, 9 weeks, and 6 months: lung function, exercise tolerance (3-minute walk test), dyspnea (MRC score), and health-related quality of life with the Chronic Respiratory Questionnaire (CRQ). Thirty-eight patients with a mean (SD) age of 68 (6) years were enrolled. The mean MRC score was 4 (0.8) and mean forced expiratory volume in 1 second was 29% of reference. Twenty-nine patients completed the study (6 months). Distance covered on the walk test increased significantly in the rehabilitation group (P=.001) and the difference was maintained at 6 months. Dyspnea also improved significantly with rehabilitation (P<.05), but the reduction was not evident at 6 months. Statistically significant improvements in symptoms related to 2 CRQ domains were detected between baseline and 9 weeks: dyspnea (3.1 [0.8] vs 3.6 [0.7]; P=.02) and fatigue (3.7 [0.8] vs 4.2 [0.9]; P=.002). A clinically relevant but not statistically significant change in mastery over disease was detected (from 4.3 to 4.9). All improvements were maintained at 6 months. Home-based pulmonary rehabilitation for patients with severe to very severe COPD and severe functional incapacity leads to improvements in exercise tolerance and health-related quality of life that are maintained at 6 months.Archivos de Bronconeumología 11/2007; 43(11):599-604. DOI:10.1016/S1579-2129(07)60136-0 · 1.82 Impact Factor