An ENU-induced mutation in Rs1h causes disruption of retinal structure and function.
ABSTRACT The 44TNJ mutant mouse was generated by the Tennessee Mouse Genome Consortium (TMGC) using an ENU-based mutagenesis screen to produce recessive mutations that affect the eye and brain. Herein we present its retinal phenotype and genetic basis.
Fourth generation offspring (G4) and confirmed mutants were examined using slit lamp biomicroscopy, funduscopy, histology, immunohistochemistry, and electroretinography (ERG). 44TNJ mutant mice were crossed to C3BLiA or DBA/2 mice for chromosomal mapping purposes. Linkage analysis by PCR-based microsatellite marker genotyping was used to identify the disease locus. The Rs1h cDNA and its genomic DNA were sequenced directly.
The 44TNJ pedigree was the first mutant pedigree identified by the ocular phenotyping domain of the TMGC. Examination of the fundus revealed numerous small and homogeneous intraretinal microflecks in the peripapillary region, which became courser and more irregular in the periphery. Males were typically more affected than females. Histology and immunohistochemistry revealed a disruption of the lamination of the retina, particularly at both margins of the outer nuclear layer, along with reduced calbindin immunostaining. ERG analyses revealed reduced amplitudes of both a-waves and b-waves. Linkage analysis mapped the 44TNJ mutation to the X chromosome close to the marker DXMit117. Sequence analysis of the positional candidate gene Rs1h revealed a T->C exchange at the second base of intron 2 of the Rs1h gene.
We have generated and characterized a mutant mouse line that was produced using ENU-based mutagenesis. The 44TNJ pedigree manifests with photoreceptor dysfunction and concurrent structural and functional aberrations at the post-receptoral level. Genetic analysis revealed a mutation in Rs1h, making this the first murine model of X-linked retinoschisis in which the gene is expressed.
Full-textDOI: · Available from: Monica M Jablonski, May 28, 2015
SourceAvailable from: Carlos Gustavo De Moraes[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: To use high-density perimetry to test a model of local glaucomatous damage to the macula (central visual field [VF]) and to assess the optimal placement of stimuli used to detect this damage.05/2014; 3(3):5. DOI:10.1167/tvst.3.3.5
[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: To examine the variability of four outcome measures that could be used to address safety and efficacy in therapeutic trials with X-linked juvenile retinoschisis.09/2014; 3(5):5. DOI:10.1167/tvst.3.5.5
[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Persistent hyperplastic primary vitreous (PHPV) represents a developmental eye disease known to have diverse manifestations ranging from a trivial remnant of hyaloid vessels to a dense fibrovascular mass causing lens opacity and retinal detachment. PHPV can be modeled in mice lacking individual genes, but certain features of such models differ from the clinical realm. For example, mice lacking the Arf gene have uniformly severe disease with consistent autosomal recessive disease penetrance. We tested whether the graded somatic loss of Arf in a subset of cells in chimeric mice mimics the range of disease in a non-heritable manner. Wild type ↔ Arf (-/-) mouse chimeras were generated by morulae fusion, and when the mice were 10 weeks old, fundoscopic, slit-lamp, and histological evaluations were performed. The relative fraction of cells of the Arf (-/-) lineage was assessed with visual, molecular genetic, and histological analysis. Objective quantification of various aspects of the phenotype was correlated with the genotype. Sixteen chimeras were generated and shown to have low, medium, and high contributions of Arf (-/-) cells to tail DNA, the cornea, and the retinal pigment epithelium (RPE), with excellent correlation between chimerism in the tail DNA and the RPE. Phenotypic differences (coat color and severity of eye disease) were evident, objectively quantified, and found to correlate with the contribution of Arf (-/-) cells to the RPE and tail-derived DNA, but not the cornea. Generating animals composed of different numbers of Arf (-/-) cells mimicked the range of disease severity observed in patients with PHPV. This establishes the potential for full manifestations of PHPV to be caused by somatic mutations of a single gene during development.Molecular vision 03/2014; 20:215-30. · 2.25 Impact Factor