Cutaneous metastasis from gastric adenocarcinoma: a case report.
ABSTRACT Cutaneous metastasis from gastric adenocarcinoma is an infrequent disease entity. When present, it typically signifies disseminated disease with a poor prognosis. We report a case of a 57-year-old male patient with gastric cancer who developed generalized erythematous nodules on the chest, abdomen, back, neck, and four extremities 2 months postoperatively. Results of a skin biopsy disclosed groups of metastatic adenocarcinoma cells in the dermis and subcutaneous tissue, forming clusters and strands in a desmoplastic stroma. Histopathologic examination demonstrated that the cutaneous metastasis was of stomach origin.
- Histopathology 04/2007; 50(5):663-5. · 2.86 Impact Factor
- Journal of Gastrointestinal Cancer 02/2013;
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ABSTRACT: Skin metastasis is defined as the spread of malignant cells from a primary malignancy to the skin. It is one manifestation of systemic spread of cancer. The tumor cells originate either from an internal malignancy or from a primary skin cancer. This study presents a literature review concerning these issues as well as this author's experience encountered throughout 19 years of surgical pathology and dermatopathology practice. Several conclusions are evident. Generally, skin metastases are encountered in 0.7-9% of all patients with cancer and as such the skin is an uncommon site of metastatic disease when compared to other organs. There is usually a long-time lag between the diagnosis of the primary malignancy and the recognition of the skin metastases. However, these metastases may be the first indication of the clinically silent visceral malignancies. The regional distribution of the skin metastasis, although not always predictable, is related to the location of the primary malignancy and the mechanism of metastatic spread. The relative frequency of skin metastasis correlates with the type of primary cancer, which occurs in each sex. For instance, lung and breast carcinomas are the most common primaries that send skin metastasis in men and women, respectively. The head and neck region and the anterior chest are the areas of greatest predilection in men. The anterior chest wall and the abdomen are the most commonly involved sites in women. Skin metastases usually appear as non-specific groups of discrete firm painless nodules that emerge rapidly without any explanation. They vary in size from so tiny as to be of 'miliary lesions' to as large as 'Hen's egg size'. Some skin metastasis may mimic specific dermatological conditions such as cutaneous cyst, dermatofibroma, pyogenic granuloma, hemangioma, papular eruptions, herpes zoster eruptions, rapidly infiltrating plaques, alopecic patches, cellulitis and erysipelas. Histologically, the skin metastases usually show features reminiscent of the primary malignancy, but with variable degrees of differentiation. Molecularly, skin metastasis is an organized, non-random and organ-selective process orchestrated by interaction among several heterogeneous molecules, which are largely unknown. Metastasis to the skin is often a pre-terminal event that heralds poor outcome.Journal of Cutaneous Pathology 11/2009; 37(9):e1-20. · 1.77 Impact Factor