Cutaneous metastasis from gastric adenocarcinoma: a case report.
ABSTRACT Cutaneous metastasis from gastric adenocarcinoma is an infrequent disease entity. When present, it typically signifies disseminated disease with a poor prognosis. We report a case of a 57-year-old male patient with gastric cancer who developed generalized erythematous nodules on the chest, abdomen, back, neck, and four extremities 2 months postoperatively. Results of a skin biopsy disclosed groups of metastatic adenocarcinoma cells in the dermis and subcutaneous tissue, forming clusters and strands in a desmoplastic stroma. Histopathologic examination demonstrated that the cutaneous metastasis was of stomach origin.
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ABSTRACT: Skin metastases occur in 0.6%-10.4% of all patients with cancer and represent 2% of all skin tumors. Skin metastases from visceral malignancies are important for dermatologists and dermatopathologists because of their variable clinical appearance and presentation, frequent delay and failure in their diagnosis, relative proportion of different internal malignancies metastasizing to the skin, and impact on morbidity, prognosis, and treatment. Another factor to take into account is that cutaneous metastasis may be the first sign of clinically silent visceral cancer. The relative frequencies of metastatic skin disease tend to correlate with the frequency of the different types of primary cancer in each sex. Thus, women with skin metastases have the following distribution in decreasing order of frequency of primary malignancies: breast, ovary, oral cavity, lung, and large intestine. In men, the distribution is as follows: lung, large intestine, oral cavity, kidney, breast, esophagus, pancreas, stomach, and liver. A wide morphologic spectrum of clinical appearances has been described in cutaneous metastases. This variable clinical morphology included nodules, papules, plaques, tumors, and ulcers. From a histopathologic point of view, there are 4 main morphologic patterns of cutaneous metastases involving the dermis, namely, nodular, infiltrative, diffuse, and intravascular. Generally, cutaneous metastases herald a poor prognosis. The average survival time of patients with skin metastases is a few months. In this article, we review the clinicopathologic and immunohistochemical characteristics of cutaneous metastases from internal malignancies, classify the most common cutaneous metastases, and identify studies that may assist in diagnosing the origin of a cutaneous metastasis.The American Journal of dermatopathology 06/2012; 34(4):347-93. · 1.30 Impact Factor
- Journal of Gastrointestinal Cancer 02/2013;
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ABSTRACT: Cutaneous metastases from gastric adenocarcinoma are extremely rare. When present, metastasis typically signifies disseminated disease with a poor prognosis. We report a case of an 80-year-old male with gastric cancer who presented with a single, erythematous plaque on the left palm, a very rare site for skin metastasis. Results of a skin biopsy demonstrated that the cutaneous metastasis originated from the stomach. This report emphasized the need for appropriate investigation into newly appearing, unusual, or persistent skin lesions.Annals of Dermatology 10/2011; 23(Suppl 2):S205-7. · 0.61 Impact Factor