Recurrence of Mowat-Wilson syndrome in siblings with the same proven mutation
ABSTRACT Mowat-Wilson syndrome (MWS) is a mental retardation syndrome associated with distinctive facial features, microcephaly, epilepsy, and a variable spectrum of congenital anomalies, including Hirschsprung disease (HSCR), agenesis of the corpus callosum, genitourinary abnormalities, and congenital heart disease. Heterozygous mutations or deletions involving the gene ZFHX1B (previously SIP1) [OMIM 605802] have recently been found to cause MWS. There have previously been no reports of a sibling recurrence of this syndrome. A brother and sister are described with clinical features of MWS, where both have the same truncating mutation in exon 8 of ZFHX1B. As their parents are phenotypically normal and do not have the mutation in lymphocyte-derived DNA, the most likely explanation is germ-line mosaicism.
Full-textDOI: · Available from: Julie Mcgaughran, Sep 22, 2014
SourceAvailable from: Donna M McDonald Mcginn[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Mowat–Wilson syndrome (MWS) is characterized by moderate to severe intellectual disability and distinctive facial features in association with variable structural congenital anomalies/clinical features including congenital heart disease, Hirschsprung disease, hypospadias, agenesis of the corpus callosum, short stature, epilepsy, and microcephaly. Less common clinical features include ocular anomalies, craniosynostosis, mild intellectual disability, and choanal atresia. These cases may be more difficult to diagnose. In this report, we add 28 MWS patients with molecular confirmation of ZEB2 mutation, including seven with an uncommon presenting feature. Among the “unusual” patients, two patients had clinical features of charge syndrome including choanal atresia, coloboma, cardiac defects, genitourinary anomaly (1/2), and severe intellectual disability; two patients had craniosynostosis; and three patients had mild intellectual disability. Sixteen patients have previously-unreported mutations in ZEB2. Genotype-phenotype correlations were suggested in those with mild intellectual disability (two had a novel missense mutation in ZEB2, one with novel splice site mutation). This report increases the number of reported patients with MWS with unusual features, and is the first report of MWS in children previously thought to have CHARGE syndrome. These patients highlight the importance of facial gestalt in the accurate identification of MWS when less common features are present. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.American Journal of Medical Genetics Part A 10/2014; 164A(10). DOI:10.1002/ajmg.a.36696 · 2.05 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Objective To present a seven-cases serie of Mowat-Wilson syndrome (MWS). Method All patients with positive mutation for the ZEB2 were evaluated by a geneticist and a neurologist, with clinical and laboratorial characterization. Results A peculiar facies and mental retardation were present in all patients. The Denver II scale showed intense delay in all aspects, especially fine motor and adaptive. Acquired microcephaly was observed in five patients. Only one patient did not present epilepsy. Epilepsy was focal and predominating in sleep, with status epilepticus in three patients. The initial seizure was associated with fever in most patients (4/6). The EEG showed epileptic focal activity (5/7). The imaging studies revealed total agenesis (4/7) and partial agenesis of the corpus callosum (1/7). Conclusion Physicians who care for patients with mental retardation and epilepsy should be aware of SMW.Arquivos de Neuro-Psiquiatria 01/2015; 73(1):12-7. DOI:10.1590/0004-282X20140182 · 1.01 Impact Factor
American Journal of Medical Genetics Part A 05/2015; DOI:10.1002/ajmg.a.36860 · 2.05 Impact Factor