Regional lobar atrophy predicts memory impairment in multiple sclerosis.

Department of Neurology, SUNY Buffalo School of Medicine, Buffalo, NY 14203, USA.
American Journal of Neuroradiology (Impact Factor: 3.68). 09/2005; 26(7):1824-31.
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT In recent studies, measures of whole brain atrophy were strongly correlated with neuropsychological testing, explaining more variance than measures of lesion burden in patients with multiple sclerosis. The relationship between regional lobar atrophy and cognitive impairment is yet to be examined. We endeavored to assess the clinical significance of regional lobar atrophy in multiple sclerosis.
In a cross-sectional study, we evaluated 31 patients with multiple sclerosis with brain MR imaging and neuropsychological testing. Impairment was determined by comparison with demographically matched healthy controls. MR imaging generated measures of lesion burden (fluid-attenuated inversion recovery hyperintense volume), general atrophy (brain parenchymal fraction), central atrophy (lateral ventricle volume), and lobar atrophy (regional brain parenchymal fraction of frontal, temporal, parietal, and occipital lobes in each hemisphere). Neuropsychological testing emphasized measures of processing speed and memory, because these are commonly affected in multiple sclerosis.
Patients with multiple sclerosis showed significant atrophy and impairment on all neuropsychological tests. Regional atrophy accounted for the most variance in all regression models predicting memory performance. Left temporal atrophy was the primary predictor of auditory/verbal memory (partial r's = 0.55-0.61), and both left and right temporal atrophy predicted visual/spatial memory performance (partial r's = 0.51-0.67). Models predicting learning consistency retained frontal lobe atrophy measures (partial r's = 0.44-0.68). Central and general atrophy measures were the primary predictors in modeling processing speed (partial r's = 0.42-0.64).
Regional atrophy accounts for more variance than lesion burden, whole brain atrophy, or lateral ventricle volume in predicting multiple sclerosis-associated memory dysfunction.

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    ABSTRACT: Multiple sclerosis (MS) is an immune-mediated disease affecting central nervous system (CNS). Although MS is classically considered a white matter (WM) disease, the involvement of gray matter (GM) in the pathogenic process has been confirmed by pathology studies and MRI studies. Impairment of cognitive domains such as memory, mental processing speed, attention, and executive function can occur from the early stage of the disease and tends to worsen over time, despite stable physical symptoms. WM demyelination is moderately correlated with CI, suggesting that probably WM abnormalities alone cannot fully explain the extent of clinical symptoms in MS, including CI. Several MRI techniques have shown the involvement of GM in MS and the association between GM damage, physical disability, and CI. The aim of this review is to provide an overview of CI and GM damage assessed by structural brain MRI.
    01/2014; 2014:609694. DOI:10.1155/2014/609694
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    03/2014; 2014:975803. DOI:10.1155/2014/975803
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    Archives of physical medicine and rehabilitation 07/2014; DOI:10.1016/j.apmr.2014.02.017 · 2.44 Impact Factor


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