Preparation, in vitro and in vivo evaluation of liposomal/niosomal gel delivery systems for clotrimazole.

Centre of Drug Controlled Release Research, National Research Institute for Family Planning, Da Hui Si Haidian District, Beijing, PR China.
Drug Development and Industrial Pharmacy (Impact Factor: 1.54). 06/2005; 31(4-5):375-83. DOI: 10.1081/DDC-54315
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Clotrimazole, which is an imidazole derivative antifungal agent, was widely used for the treatment of mycotic infections of the genitourinary tract. To develop alternative formulation for the vaginal administration of clotrimazole to provide sustained and controlled release of appropriate drug for local vaginal therapy, liposomes/niosomes were evaluated as delivery vehicles. To optimize the preparation of liposomes/niosomes with regard to size and entrapment efficiency, multilamellar liposomes/niosomes containing drug were prepared by lipid hydration method. The prepared liposomes/niosomes were incorporated into 2% carbopol gel, and the systems were evaluated for drug stability in phosphate-buffered saline (pH 7.4) and simulated vaginal fluid at 37 +/- 1 degrees C. Further, the vesicle gel system was evaluated by antifungal activity and tolerability on tissue level in rat.

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