Open-Label Study of Pemetrexed Alone or in Combination with Cisplatin for the Treatment of Patients with Peritoneal Mesothelioma: Outcomes of an Expanded Access Program
ABSTRACT To date, few large studies have been reported of patients with peritoneal mesothelioma, and treatment of this disease has been largely extrapolated from the treatment of pleural disease. Hence, it was considered important to study and report on this specific patient population. Before the regulatory approval of pemetrexed, an expanded access program (EAP) provided access to eligible patients with malignant pleural or peritoneal mesothelioma.
Patients received pemetrexed 500 mg/m2 alone or in combination with cisplatin 75 mg/m2 once every 21 days for > or = 6 cycles. All patients received folic acid, vitamin B12, and steroid prophylaxis. Serious adverse events (SAEs) were compiled in a pharmacovigilance database, which included all patients in the EAP with pleural or peritoneal mesothelioma. From June 12, 2002 to February 18, 2004, 1056 patients with malignant mesothelioma were enrolled and received > or = 1 dose of treatment at 462 sites in the United States. Of these patients, 98 (9.3%) had peritoneal mesothelioma (57 previously treated, 38 chemotherapy-naive, and 3 with missing data).
Response data were available for 73 patients (43 previously treated, 28 chemotherapy-naive, and 2 not classified), indicating response rates of 23.3% for previously treated patients (0 complete responses [CRs], 10 partial responses [PRs], 21 cases of stable disease [SDs], 12 cases of progressive disease [PDs]) and 25% for chemotherapy-naive patients (3 CRs, 4 PRs, 12 SDs, and 9 PDs). Median survival was 13.1 months for previously treated patients and has not been reached for chemotherapy-naive patients. The most commonly reported SAEs for the total EAP were dehydration (7.2%), nausea (5.2%), and vomiting (4.9%).
Pemetrexed with or without cisplatin had a favorable safety profile, and the disease control rate (CR + PR + SD) of 71.2% in the subset of patients with peritoneal mesothelioma indicated activity in this patient population.
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ABSTRACT: To estimate the anti-tumor activity of pemetrexed in patients with advanced or recurrent carcinoma of the cervix that failed on higher priority treatment protocols and to determine the nature and degree of toxicity. A multicenter Phase II trial was conducted by the Gynecologic Oncology Group (GOG). Patients must have had advanced or recurrent measurable carcinoma of the cervix, and failed one prior chemotherapy regimen. Pemetrexed at a dose of 900 mg/m(2) was to be administered as an IV infusion over 10 min every 21 days. From July 6, 2004 to April 3, 2006, twenty-nine patients were entered by ten member institutions of the GOG. Two patients did not receive treatment and thus were inevaluable. A total of 128 cycles were administered with 37% of patients receiving six or more cycles. The treatment was well tolerated overall. More serious toxicities (grade 3 and 4) included anemia in 41%, leukopenia in 30%, neutropenia in 26%, and infection in 26%. No treatment related deaths were reported. Four patients (15%) had partial responses with a median response duration of 4.4 months. The response rate for non-radiated or radiated disease sites was 25% and 7% respectively. Sixteen patients (59%) had stable disease and seven (26%) patients had increasing disease. Median progression free survival (PFS) was 3.1 months and overall survival (OS) was 7.4 months. Pemetrexed at this dose and schedule showed moderate activity against advanced or recurrent cervical cancer that has failed prior chemotherapy. Data from other tumor sites has suggested synergy between pemetrexed and cisplatin and should be considered for further study.Gynecologic Oncology 08/2008; 110(1):65-70. DOI:10.1016/j.ygyno.2008.03.009 · 3.69 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: A 64-year-old man diagnosed with advanced malignant peritoneal mesothelioma by laparoscopic biopsy was treated with systemic chemotherapy. The patient underwent first-line chemotherapy with pemetrexed plus cisplatin for 11 months, then second-line chemotherapy with gemcitabine plus vinorelbine for 6 months, and third-line chemotherapy with CPT-11 for 4 months. After third-line chemotherapy failed, he received palliative treatment. Although the tumor continued to grow, and he died 24 months after initiation of treatment, chemotherapy prolonged the survival time and improved his quality of life.Clinical Journal of Gastroenterology 12/2012; 5(6). DOI:10.1007/s12328-012-0334-1