Dissolution mechanism of poorly water-soluble drug from extended release solid dispersion system with ethylcellulose and hydroxypropylmethylcellulose.
ABSTRACT The purpose of this study is to investigate the release mechanism of poorly water-soluble drug from the extended release solid dispersion systems with water-insoluble ethylcellulose (EC) and water-soluble hydroxypropylmethylcellulose (HPMC) (1:1). Indomethacin (IND) was used as a model of poorly water-soluble drug. Two kinds of solid dispersions were prepared by the solvent evaporation methods, which consist of the same formulation but exhibit different physical performance. It appeared that the dissolution behavior of IND depended on the structures of EC-HPMC matrices, which were governed by the preparation method. In addition, the dissolution behavior showed pH dependency that the dissolution rate of IND was slower in acidic medium than that in neutral medium. The experimental results revealed that the hydrophobic interaction between IND and EC occurred under lower pH and strongly delayed the dissolution rate of IND. The relationship between this hydrophobic interaction and the dissolution rate of IND was also proposed.
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ABSTRACT: In this study, poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG) was used as a hydrophilic polymer carrier to develop solid dispersion formulations for enhancing solubility and dissolution rate of pranlukast, one of poorly soluble drugs that has been broadly used for the treatment of asthma. PEG based solid dispersions with or without poloxamer were prepared by hot melting and solvent evaporation methods. The resultant solid dispersions were characterized by DSC and powder X-ray measurements, and their morphological properties were observed to be partially changed to amorphous state with reduced crystallinity. Dissolution and solubility tests showed that the solubility and dissolution rate of the solid dispersions were significantly enhanced. The solid dispersion formulation prepared by the hot melting method with a chemical composition of pranlukast:PEG:poloxamer = 1:5:1 demonstrated the most enhanced solubility and dissolution rate. The results suggest that the solid dispersions based on PEG and poloxamer are promising systems for the enhancement of solubility and bioavailability of pranlukast.Polymer Korea 01/2012; 36(1). · 0.48 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Water-insoluble materials containing amorphous solid dispersions (ASD) are an emerging category of drug carriers which can effectively improve dissolution kinetics and kinetic solubility of poorly soluble drugs. ASDs based on water-insoluble crosslinked hydrogels have unique features in contrast to those based on conventional water-soluble and water-insoluble carriers. For example, solid molecular dispersions of poorly soluble drugs in poly(2-hydroxyethyl methacrylate) (PHEMA) can maintain a high level of supersaturation over a prolonged period of time via a feedback-controlled diffusion mechanism thus avoiding the initial surge of supersaturation followed by a sharp decline in drug concentration typically encountered with ASDs based on water-soluble polymers. The creation of both immediate- and controlled-release ASD dosage forms is also achievable with the PHEMA based hydrogels. So far, ASD systems based on glassy PHEMA have been shown to be very effective in retarding precipitation of amorphous drugs in the solid state to achieve a robust physical stability. This review summarizes recent research efforts in investigating the potential of developing crosslinked PHEMA hydrogels as a promising alternative to conventional water-soluble ASD carriers, and a related finding that the rate of supersaturation generation does affect the kinetic solubility profiles implications to hydrogel based ASDs.Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B. 02/2014;
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ABSTRACT: Solid dispersions are considered as the one of the most emerging technologies for improving the practically water insoluble drugs dissolution profile thereby increasing the bioavailability of hydrophobic drugs. This article review provides the information about different types of solid dispersions based on their molecular arrangement and type of matrix material employed. Different methods of preparations of solid dispersions and recent advances in preparation methods have been highlighted. Various analytical tools employed in the characterization of solid dispersions are discussed.International Journal o f Advance d Chemical Science and Applications. 09/2014;