Genetic, morphological, and virulence characterization of the entomopathogenic fungus Verticillium lecanii.
ABSTRACT In order to clarify relationships among genetic diversity, virulence, and other characteristics of conidia, 46 isolates of Verticillium lecanii from various hosts and geographical locations were examined. The internal transcribed spacer (ITS) and intergenic spacer (IGS) regions of ribosomal DNA (rDNA), mitochondrial small subunit rDNA (mt-SrDNA) and beta-tubulin were analyzed by PCR-RFLP. PCR-single stranded conformational polymorphism (SSCP) was performed on regions of the mitochondrial large subunit rDNA, mt-SrDNA, beta-tubulin and histone 4. There were no relationships among the results of RFLP, SSCP, isolation source, and location. However, amplified product size of IGS did have relationships with conidia size and sporulation. Six isolates with 4.0-kb IGS products had large conidia dimensions, and yielded low numbers of conidia compared with other isolates. Three out of the six isolates were high virulence (over 90%) against green peach aphids. Furthermore, double-stranded RNA (dsRNA) was detected in 22 out of 35 V. lecanii isolates and related with the amplicon sizes of IGS, though not with virulence or isolation location. Isolates containing dsRNA were divided into six distinct types based on banding pattern. These data demonstrate the level of genetic diversity of V. lecanii, and suggest relations among the genetic properties and conidial morphology.
- Phytopathology. 01/1996; 86(1).
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ABSTRACT: Isolates of Verticillium lecanii, from insects and other substrates, were tested for vegetative compatibility by observing heterokaryon formation among complementary nitrate-nonutilizing (nit) mutants, Among 33 V. lecanii isolates, 17 were self-incompatible. The 16 self-compatible isolates were divided into 13 vegetative compatibility groups (VCGs). Eleven VCGs were single-member VCGs, and the remaining two included two or three isolates each. Self-incompatibility occurred more frequently among isolates with abundant aerial mycelium, whereas most of the isolates with short or reduced aerial mycelium were self-compatible. Virulence to larvae of Bemisia tabaci ranged from 0 (four isolates) to 83% mortality 4d after treatment with conidial suspensions. There was no correlation between the capacity of isolates to anastomose and their virulence to larvae of Bemisia tabaci: highly virulent isolates were found at similar frequencies among self-compatible and self-incompatible isolates. Those with abundant aerial mycelium were collectively more virulent (28.5% mortality) than those with reduced mycelium (10.7% mortality). Three isolates belong to VCG VL-11 were all highly virulent.Mycological Research. 01/1999;
- Transactions of the British Mycological Society 01/1980; 74(2):445-446.