Article

Genetic, morphological, and virulence characterization of the entomopathogenic fungus Verticillium lecanii.

Department of Agro-environmental Science, Obihiro University of Agriculture and Veterinary Medicine, Hokkaido, Obihiro 080-8555, Japan.
Journal of Invertebrate Pathology (Impact Factor: 2.67). 04/2003; 82(3):176-87. DOI: 10.1016/S0022-2011(03)00014-4
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT In order to clarify relationships among genetic diversity, virulence, and other characteristics of conidia, 46 isolates of Verticillium lecanii from various hosts and geographical locations were examined. The internal transcribed spacer (ITS) and intergenic spacer (IGS) regions of ribosomal DNA (rDNA), mitochondrial small subunit rDNA (mt-SrDNA) and beta-tubulin were analyzed by PCR-RFLP. PCR-single stranded conformational polymorphism (SSCP) was performed on regions of the mitochondrial large subunit rDNA, mt-SrDNA, beta-tubulin and histone 4. There were no relationships among the results of RFLP, SSCP, isolation source, and location. However, amplified product size of IGS did have relationships with conidia size and sporulation. Six isolates with 4.0-kb IGS products had large conidia dimensions, and yielded low numbers of conidia compared with other isolates. Three out of the six isolates were high virulence (over 90%) against green peach aphids. Furthermore, double-stranded RNA (dsRNA) was detected in 22 out of 35 V. lecanii isolates and related with the amplicon sizes of IGS, though not with virulence or isolation location. Isolates containing dsRNA were divided into six distinct types based on banding pattern. These data demonstrate the level of genetic diversity of V. lecanii, and suggest relations among the genetic properties and conidial morphology.

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