Redox response of the endogenous calcineurin inhibitor Adapt 78.
ABSTRACT Adapt 78 (DSCR 1/calcipressin/MCIP 1) is a potent natural inhibitor of calcineurin, an important intracellular phosphatase that mediates many cellular responses to calcium. We previously reported two major cytosolic isoforms (1 and 4) of Adapt 78, and that isoform 4 is an oxidative and calcium stress-response protein. Using a higher cell culture density and new antibody, we again observed that both major isoforms localized to the cytosol, but a significant level of isoform 4 (but not isoform 1) was also detected in the nucleus where it was present in the non-soluble region and not associated with RNA. Exposure of cells to hydrogen peroxide led to the significant loss of isoform 4 from the nucleus with a moderate increase in cytosolic localization. The change in isoform 4 phosphorylation state in response to oxidative stress, characterized by a loss of the lesser (hypo) phosphorylated Adapt 78, was not due to accelerated degradation, although general Adapt 78 degradation was proteosome mediated. Finally, stimulation of Jurkat and primary T-lymphocyte signaling led to isoform 4 induction. This induction was BAPTA, diphenylene iodonium, and N-acetylcysteine inhibitable, and accompanied by induction of the classic immune response mediator and calcineurin-pathway-stimulated interleukin-2. These studies reveal new redox-related activities for Adapt 78 isoform 4, which may contribute to its known calcineurin-regulating and cytoprotective activities, and further suggest that Adapt 78 plays a role in basic T-cell response.
[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Glucocorticoid hormones (GCs) induce apoptosis of leukemic T-cells by transcriptional regulation via the GC receptor, GR. In the human leukemic CEM cell culture model, RCAN1 has been identified as one of the genes that is specifically upregulated only in the GC-sensitive CEM C7-14 cells, but not in the GC-resistant CEM-C1-15 sister cells in correlation with GC-evoked apoptosis. RCAN1 gene encodes two major protein isoforms of the regulator of calcineurin (RCAN1), RCAN1-1 and RCAN1-4 via alternative splicing of exons 1 and 4 respectively, to exons 5-7. Studies reported here evaluated the differential regulation and function of the two transcripts and protein products of RCAN1 by the synthetic GC dexamethasone (Dex), and by modulators of calcium signaling. Dex selectively upregulates transcript specific for RCAN 1-1 in glucocorticoid (GC)-susceptible human leukemic CEM-C7-14 cells but not in GC-refractory CEM-C1-15 sister cells. Expression of the second major transcript, RCAN1-4, is upregulated by [Ca2+]i inducers, thapsigargin and A23187, but not by Dex, suggesting a mutually exclusive regulatory pathway for both RCAN1 transcripts. GC-mediated upregulation of RCAN1-1 transcript and RCAN1-1 protein was kinase dependent, and was blocked by staurosporine and the p38 MAP kinase inhibitor SB 202190. RCAN1-1 coimmunoprecipitates with calcineurin PP3C and Dex-mediated RCAN1-1 upregulation correlated with reduction in calcineurin PP3C activity. Data presented here suggest that GCs specifically upregulate RCAN1-1 transcript and protein while inducers of [Ca2+]i selectively upregulate RCAN1-4. GC-mediated increase in RCAN1-1 abundance and binding possibly inhibits calcineurin activity and modulates apoptosis in CEM-C7-14 cells.Journal of Molecular Signaling 10/2009; 4:6. DOI:10.1186/1750-2187-4-6This article is viewable in ResearchGate's enriched formatRG Format enables you to read in context with side-by-side figures, citations, and feedback from experts in your field.
SourceAvailable from: onlinelibrary.wiley.com[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Studies on the role of regulator of calcineurin 1 (RCAN1) in immunity are limited, but have demonstrated an involvement in T-lymphocyte function. Here, we expand these studies to macrophages and in vivo infection. The treatment of RAW and primary mouse macrophages with lipopolysaccharide from Escherichia coli strongly induced RCAN1 isoform 4 (RCAN1-4), but not isoform 1. RCAN1-4 induction involved calcium, calcineurin, and reactive oxygen species. Subsequent analysis with whole bacteria including gram-negative E. coli and gram-positive Staphylococcus aureus revealed strong RCAN1-4 inductions by both, and where tested, dependence on calcium. Staphylococcus aureus cell wall components peptidoglycan and lipoteichoic acid also strongly induced RCAN1-4. In vivo, a significant induction in the proinflammatory cytokines monocyte chemotactic protein-1, interleukin-6, interferon-γ, and tumor necrosis factor-α was observed in knockout (KO) lung vs. wild-type (WT) mice 7 days after nasal infection with Fransicella tularensis. This induction was not accompanied by a significant increase in F. tularensis burden in the KO lung. Additionally, a modest increase in respiratory burst activity in KO vs. WT macrophages was observed. Combined, these studies indicate that RCAN1 is involved in macrophage and the overall in vivo immune response, and provide additional evidence that RCAN1 plays an important role in cell immunity and infectious disease.FEMS Immunology & Medical Microbiology 10/2010; 61(1):103-13. DOI:10.1111/j.1574-695X.2010.00753.x · 2.68 Impact Factor
[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Chaperone-mediated autophagy (CMA) targets soluble proteins for lysosomal degradation. Here we found that CMA was activated in T cells in response to engagement of the T cell antigen receptor (TCR), which induced expression of the CMA-related lysosomal receptor LAMP-2A. In activated T cells, CMA targeted the ubiquitin ligase Itch and the calcineurin inhibitor RCAN1 for degradation to maintain activation-induced responses. Consequently, deletion of the gene encoding LAMP-2A in T cells caused deficient in vivo responses to immunization or infection with Listeria monocytogenes. Impaired CMA activity also occurred in T cells with age, which negatively affected their function. Restoration of LAMP-2A in T cells from old mice resulted in enhancement of activation-induced responses. Our findings define a role for CMA in regulating T cell activation through the targeted degradation of negative regulators of T cell activation.Nature Immunology 09/2014; 15(11). DOI:10.1038/ni.3003 · 24.97 Impact Factor