Preparation and colloidal stability of monodisperse magnetic polymer particles.
ABSTRACT A previously proposed method was examined for producing monodisperse, submicrometer-sized magnetic polymer particles. The method applies soap-free emulsion polymerization during which Fe3O4 magnetic nanoparticles are heterocoagulated onto precipitated polymer nuclei. To chemically fix the magnetic particles to the polymer nuclei, vinyl groups were introduced on the Fe3O4 particles in a preliminary surface modification reaction with methacryloxypropyltrimethoxysilane, and methacryloxypropyldimethoxysilane (MPDMS) was added to reaction systems of the soap-free emulsion polymerization. The colloidal dispersion stability of magnetic polymer particles was improved by the addition of an ionic monomer, sodium p-styrenesulfonate (NaSS), during the polymerization. The polymerizations were carried out with styrene monomer and potassium persulfate initiator in ranges of NaSS concentrations (0-2.4 x 10(-3) M), NaSS addition times (60-80 min), and monomer concentrations (0.3-0.6 M) at fixed concentrations of 1.6 x 10(-2) M initiator and 1.3 x 10(-2) M MPDMS for pH 4.5 adjusted with a buffer system of [CH3COOH]/[NaOH]. The addition of NaSS during the polymerization could maintain the dispersion stability of magnetic polymer particles during the polymerization. Selection of the reaction conditions enabled the preparation of colloidally stable, submicrometer-sized magnetic polymer particles that had coefficients of variation of distribution smaller than the standard criterion for monodispersity, 10%.
Article: Selecting metal oxide nanomaterials for arsenic removal in fixed bed columns: from nanopowders to aggregated nanoparticle media.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: This paper investigates the feasibility of arsenate removal by aggregated metal oxide nanoparticle media in packed bed columns. Batch experiments conducted with 16 commercial nanopowders in four water matrices were used to select a metal oxide nanoparticle that both amply removes arsenate and can be aggregated using an inert binder. TiO2, Fe(2)O(3), ZrO2 and NiO nanopowders, which exhibited the highest arsenate removal in all water matrices, were characterized with fitted Freundlich adsorption isotherm (q=KC(e)(1/n)) parameters. In 10 mM NaHCO3 buffered nanopure water and at both pH approximately 6.7 and 8.4, K ranged from 1.3 to 12.09(mg As/g(media))(L/mg As)(1/n), and 1/n ranged from 0.21 to 0.52. Under these conditions, the fitted Freundlich isotherm parameters for TiO2 nanoparticles aggregated with inorganic and organic binders (K of 4.75-28.45(mg As/g(media))(L/mg As)(1/n) and 1/n of 0.37-0.97) suggested favorable arsenate adsorption. To demonstrate that aggregated nanoparticle media would allow rapid mass transport of arsenate in a fixed bed adsorber setting, short bed adsorber (SBA) tests were conducted on TiO2 nanoparticle aggregates at empty bed contact times (EBCT) of 0.1-0.5 min and Re x Sc=1000 and 2000. These SBA tests suggested that the binder has a negligible role in adsorbing arsenic and that mass transport is controlled by rapid intraparticle diffusion rather than external film diffusion.Journal of Hazardous Materials 09/2007; 147(1-2):265-74. · 4.17 Impact Factor
Article: Magnetically recoverable magnetite/gold catalyst stabilized by poly(N-vinyl-2-pyrrolidone) for aerobic oxidation of alcohols.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Fe(3)O(4):PVP/Au nanocomposite synthesized via a two-step procedure was tested as a quasi-homogenous alcohol oxidation catalyst. It was found that the nanocomposite was able to carry out aerobic oxidation of alcohols in water at room temperature. Studies show rapid magnetic recoverability and reusability characteristics.Molecules 01/2011; 16(1):149-61. · 2.39 Impact Factor