Article

Diagnosis of central venous catheter related infection in adult patients

Department of Pharmaceutical and Biological Sciences, Aston University, Aston Triangle, Birmingham B4 7ET, UK.
The Journal of infection (Impact Factor: 4.02). 12/2005; 51(4):267-80. DOI: 10.1016/j.jinf.2005.06.007
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Intravascular catheters are one of the main causes of bacteraemia and septicaemia in hospitalised patients and continue to be associated with a significant morbidity and mortality. Two main types of infections occur, they can be either localised at the catheter insertion site of systemic with a septicaemia. The clinical parameters related to these infections are presented. The laboratory diagnosis of these infections is also extensively reviewed and recommendations are made as to the most appropriate diagnostic method to be used.

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    • "In the UK, approximately 200,000 CVCs are inserted each year (Worthington & Elliott 2005). The National Survey of nosocomial blood stream infections completed in 2002 recorded over 10,000 episodes of bacteraemia, with a mean rate of 0.6 bacteraemia per 1000 patient days (Health Protection Agency). "
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