The ubiquitin signal: assembly, recognition and termination. Symposium on ubiquitin and signaling.

Department of Biochemistry, 4017 Rollins Research Building, Emory University School of Medicine, 1510 Clifton Road, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA.
EMBO Reports (Impact Factor: 7.86). 10/2005; 6(9):815-20. DOI: 10.1038/sj.embor.7400506
Source: PubMed


Available from: Keith D Wilkinson, Apr 26, 2015
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    ABSTRACT: Cachexia presents with ongoing muscle wasting, altering quality of life in cancer patients. Cachexia is a limiting prognostic factor for patient survival and health care costs. Although animal models and human trials have shown mechanisms of motorprotein proteolysis, not much is known about intrinsic changes of muscle functionality in cancer patients suffering from muscle cachexia, and deeper insights into cachexia pathology in humans are needed. To address this question, rectus abdominis muscle samples were collected from several surgical control, non-cachectic and cachectic cancer patients and processed for skinned fibre biomechanics, molecular in vitro motility assays, myosin isoform protein compositions and quantitative ubiquitin polymer protein analysis. In pre-cachectic and cachectic cancer patient samples, maximum force was significantly compromised compared with controls, but showed an unexpected increase in myofibrillar Ca(2+) sensitivity consistent with a shift from slow to fast myosin isoform expression seen in SDS-PAGE analysis and in vitro motility assays. Force deficit was specific for 'cancer', but not linked to presence of cachexia. Interestingly, quantitative ubiquitin immunoassays revealed no major changes in static ubiquitin polymer protein profiles, whether cachexia was present or not and were shown to mirror profiles in control patients. Our study on muscle function in cachectic patients shows that abdominal wall skeletal muscle in cancer cachexia shows signs of weakness that can be partially attributed to intrinsic changes to contractile motorprotein function. On protein levels, static ubiquitin polymeric distributions were unaltered, pointing towards evenly up-regulated ubiquitin protein turnover with respect to ubiquitin conjugation, proteasome degradation and de-ubiquitination.
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    ABSTRACT: TRIM62, also named DEAR1, is a member of the TRIM/RBCC family, which includes proteins with conserved RING finger, B-box and coiled-coil domains. Several reports have identified a role for this family in cancer, retroviral infection and innate immunity. In this study, the E3 ubiquitin ligase activity and subcellular localization of TRIM62 were characterized. TRIM62, in association with the E2 enzyme UbcH5b, was found to catalyze self-ubiquitination in vitro, a process that required an intact RING finger domain. A ubiquitination assay performed in HEK293T cells further confirmed the E3 ubiquitin ligase activity and self-ubiquitination activity of TRIM62 and the requirement of the RING finger domain. Importantly, the treatment of HEK293T cells with a proteasome inhibitor stabilized poly-ubiquitinated TRIM62, indicating that self-ubiquitination promoted the proteasomal degradation of TRIM62. Additionally, TRIM62 and its two mutants were distinctly localized in the cytoplasm in both HEK293T and HeLa cells. Collectively, our data indicate that TRIM62, a cytoplasmic protein, is a RING finger domain-dependent E3 ubiquitin ligase that catalyzes self-ubiquitination both in vitro and in vivo.
    Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 02/2013; 432(2). DOI:10.1016/j.bbrc.2013.02.012 · 2.28 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Ubiquitination is a posttranslational modification of proteins that involves the covalent attachment of ubiquitin, either as a single moiety or as polymers. This process controls almost every cellular metabolic pathway through a variety of combinations of linkages. Mass spectrometry now allows high throughput approaches for the identification of the thousands of ubiquitinated proteins and of their ubiquitination sites. Despite major technological improvements in mass spectrometry in terms of sensitivity, resolution and acquisition speed, the use of efficient purification methods of ubiquitinated proteins prior to mass spectrometry analysis is critical to achieve an efficient characterization of the ubiquitome. This critical step is achieved using different approaches that possess advantages and pitfalls. Here, we discuss the limits that can be encountered when deciphering the ubiquitome. This article is part of a Directed Issue entitled: Muscle wasting.
    The international journal of biochemistry & cell biology 06/2013; 45(10). DOI:10.1016/j.biocel.2013.05.031 · 4.24 Impact Factor