Family-based treatment research: a 10-year update.
ABSTRACT To provide an update on the state of the art of family-based treatment research.
Randomized clinical trials conducted in the past 10 years that included parents as a primary participant in treatment of child and adolescent psychiatric problems were reviewed. Studies were identified from major literature search engines (e.g., PsycINFO, Medline). Current significant pilot work was identified in the National Institute of Mental Health Computer Retrieval of Information on Scientific Projects (CRISP) Web page or from the authors themselves.
Family treatments have proven effective with externalizing disorders, particularly conduct and substance abuse disorders, and in reducing the comorbid family and school behavior problems associated with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder. Several new studies suggest that family treatments or treatment augmented by family treatments are effective for depression and anxiety.
For many disorders, family treatments can be an effective stand-alone intervention or an augmentation to other treatments. Engaging parents in the treatment process and reducing the toxicity of a negative family environment can contribute to better treatment engagement, retention, compliance, effectiveness, and maintenance of gains. Recommendations for the next decade of research and some implications of family-based treatment for child and adolescent psychiatry are explored.
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ABSTRACT: This article provides a scoping review with a focus on the substantive and methodological issues of the research pertaining to couple and family therapy (CFT) with five physical medical rehabilitation populations. We searched for literature concerned with five populations: spinal cord injury, stroke, multiple sclerosis, traumatic brain injury and amputations. A detailed review of CINAHL, PubMed, and PsycINFO databases identified 14 publications that researched couple/family therapy interventions with these populations. We synthesised the data by outlining and charting the substantive and methodological issues with this research. Findings suggest that individuals who have sustained an injury or are diagnosed with an illness requiring extensive rehabilitation experience increased relationship distress and decreased family functioning. While the literature clearly points to the impact on spouses and families, CFT was primarily used to engage families in efforts to assist health care workers improve physical functioning.12/2012; 18(02). DOI:10.1017/jrc.2012.13
Article: Family and family therapy in Russia.[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: This article represents the information about family and family therapy in the context of culture, traditions and contemporary changes of social situations in Russia. The legislation of family rights are mentioned within items about marriage and family in the Constitution, Civil Code and Family Code of the Russian Federation which has changed during recent years. The definition of family and description of family structure are given through the prism of the current demographic situation, dynamics of statistics of marriage and divorce rates, mental disorders, disabilities and such phenomena as social abandonment. The actual curriculum, teaching of family therapy and its disadvantages, system of continuous education, supervision and initiatives of the Institute of Integrative Family Therapy in improvement of preparing of specialists who can provide qualified psychosocial assistance for the family according to the actual needs of society are noted. The directions of state and private practice of family counselling and therapy both for psychiatric patients and medical patients, for adults and children in a family systemic approach are highlighted with an indication of the spectrum of techniques and methods used by Russian professionals. The main obstacles and perspectives of development of family therapy in Russia are summarized.International Review of Psychiatry 04/2012; 24(2):121-7. DOI:10.3109/09540261.2012.656305 · 1.80 Impact Factor