Tissue distribution of human papillomavirus 16 DNA integration in patients with tonsillar carcinoma
ABSTRACT Human papillomavirus 16 (HPV-16) has been implicated as a causative agent in a subset of head and neck squamous cell carcinomas (HNSCC). This study was undertaken to discern the distribution and timing of HPV viral integration during tumorigenesis of the upper respiratory tract.
A tissue array was assembled from a consecutive group of 176 patients with HNSCCs. The array was evaluated by HPV-16 in situ hybridization and p16 immunohistochemistry. Patients with HPV-positive tonsillar cancers who had undergone bilateral tonsillectomies were selected for more complete mapping of viral integration.
HPV-16 was detected in 38 of the 176 (22%) cases by in situ hybridization. When stratified by site of origin, HPV-16 was detected in 37 of 45 cancers arising from the oropharynx but in only 1 of 131 tumors arising from nonoropharyngeal sites (82% versus 0.8%, P < 0.00001). P16 expression was associated with the presence of HPV-16: 31 of 38 HPV-positive tumors exhibited p16 expression, whereas only 9 of the 138 HPV-negative tumors were p16-positive (82% versus 6%, P < 0.00001). In the bilateral tonsil sections, hybridization signals were strictly limited to the invasive cancers and associated dysplasias. P16 staining was widely distributed throughout the nonneoplastic crypt epithelium of individuals with and without tonsillar cancer.
HPV-16 is strongly associated with carcinomas arising from the oropharynx, and integration is tightly coupled to the neoplastic process. Viral integration does not occur as a field alteration throughout normal tonsillar epithelium. P16 expression localizes to HPV-positive cancers, and is intrinsic to the specialized epithelium of the tonsillar crypts. For risk assessment, early cancer detection and disease surveillance, evidence of HPV-16 integration may represent a meaningful finding, whereas high p16 expression, by itself, may not.
- SourceAvailable from: Keerti ShahDisease markers 02/2007; 23(4):235-45. DOI:10.1155/2007/913761 · 2.17 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: We assessed the development in the number of new base of tongue squamous-cell carcinoma (BSCC) cases per year in eastern Denmark from 2000 to 2010 and whether HPV may explain any observable increased incidence. We performed HPV DNA PCR and p16 immunohistochemistry analysis for all (n=210) BSCCs registered in the Danish Head and Neck Cancer Group (DAHANCA) and the Danish Pathology Data Bank, and genotyped all HPV-positive specimens with amplicon-based next-generation sequencing. The overall crude incidence of BSCCs increased significantly (5.4% per year) during the study period. This was explained by a significant increase in the number of HPV-positive BSCCs (8.1% per year), whereas the number of HPV-negative BSCCs did not increase significantly. The overall HPV prevalence was 51%, with HPV16 as the predominant HPV type. The increased number of HPV-positive BSCCs may explain the increasing incidence of BSCCs in eastern Denmark, 2000-2010.British Journal of Cancer advance online publication, 4 June 2015; doi:10.1038/bjc.2015.198 www.bjcancer.com.British Journal of Cancer 06/2015; DOI:10.1038/bjc.2015.198 · 4.82 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The importance of detecting human papillomavirus (HPV) in head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) has resulted in a growing expectation for HPV testing of clinical samples. Although testing protocols vary, most pertain to primary tumor biopsies/resections. Testing of fine-needle aspirates and core biopsies (FNACBs) is advantageous, but it is unclear whether technical and biological factors adversely affect the fidelity of HPV detection in these samples. Data was collected for 85 patients with regionally metastatic HNSCC that had undergone FNACB with HPV analysis as part of clinical care. HPV testing consisted of p16 immunostaining and HPV in situ hybridization (ISH). The FNACBs were compared with the subsequent biopsies/resections for HPV status. p16 staining was present in 60 cases (71%). p16 positivity was predictive of oropharyngeal origin (p < 0.001) and correlated with the presence of HPV by ISH (98% correlation). On comparison of the metastases and primary cancers, the HPV status was concordant in 58 of 59 cases (98%). For patients with metastatic HNSCC, p16 staining reliably reflects the HPV status of the primary tumor. p16 staining of FNACBs may obviate the need for more invasive sampling of the primary cancer solely for the purpose of HPV testing. © 2015 S. Karger AG, Basel.Acta cytologica 03/2015; DOI:10.1159/000375148 · 1.56 Impact Factor