Mitochondrial alterations induced by 532 nm laser irradiation.

Division of Biomedical Physics, Faculty of Mathematics, Physics and Informatics, Comenius University, Mlynská Dolina F1, 842 48 Bratislava 4, Slovakia.
General Physiology and Biophysics (Impact Factor: 0.88). 07/2005; 24(2):209-20.
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Mitochondrial alterations were monitored after low power green laser (532 nm, 30 mW) irradiation in the case of whole cells (B-14) and isolated mitochondria (from Wistar rat heart). 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium-bromide (MTT) assay products were significantly higher (by 8%) in irradiated B-14 cells as compared to non-irradiated controls. Mitochondrial transmembrane potential of B-14 cells, measured by means of a fluorescent probe 3,3'-dihexyloxacarbocyanine iodide (DiOC6(3)), significantly increased (by 13%) after exposure to green laser irradiation. Another MTT assay was used for isolated mitochondria suspensions in order to examine the effect of green laser irradiation on stimulation of processes related to oxidative phosphorylation. It revealed 31.3%-increase in MTT assay products in irradiated mitochondria as compared to controls. Laser irradiation of isolated mitochondria suspension did not significantly change 1,6-diphenyl-1,3,5-hexatriene (DPH) fluorescence anisotropy, indicating that mitochondrial membrane fluidity was not affected by laser light. Fluorescence emission spectra of irradiated as well as non-irradiated mitochondria suspensions showed fluorescence maximum at 635 nm, corresponding to emission of Protoporphyrin IX, which was significantly lower (by 20.7%) in irradiated sample.

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