Physical Activity and Mood during Pregnancy

Clayton State University, Office of Health Care Management, Morrow, GA 30260, USA.
Medicine &amp Science in Sports &amp Exercise (Impact Factor: 3.98). 09/2005; 37(8):1374-80. DOI: 10.1249/01.mss.0000174907.27818.ff
Source: PubMed


To compare three physical activity (PA) measures in pregnant women and examine mood correlates of physical activity changes during pregnancy.
A sample of 12 pregnant women (PW) was recruited during their first trimester and 12 nonpregnant women (NPW) (baseline age = 30.7 +/- 4.4 yr) were matched to the PW (29.8 +/- 4.2 yr). Once monthly, for seven consecutive months, total weekly energy expenditure (TWEE) was assessed using a physical activity diary (PAD) and a recall interview (PAR). Accelerometers were worn for 3 d each month. Mood was also assessed. A two-factor mixed-model ANOVA was used to analyze the data (2 groups [PW vs NPW] x 7 times across pregnancy).
Mean PAR TWEE and daily mean MTI counts were positively and moderately correlated with mean PAD TWEE (PW: r = 0.40 and NPW: r = 0.50, P < 0.001). The MTI counts decreased significantly in PW by 23% from gestational weeks 12 to 36 compared with a 5% decrease in NPW. Fatigue and vigor scores improved from gestational weeks 12 to 16 and worsened from weeks 32 to 36 in PW. Changes in PA were not correlated to changes in mood in either group.
The results provide some evidence for the validity of the 7-d PAR and accelerometer as measures of physical activity in pregnancy. Healthy women who maintain an above average level of physical activity during the second and third trimesters can enjoy mood stability.

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    • "Borodulin's[27] results showed that women should be encouraged to have physical activity with appropriate length and intensity in postpartum period to promote their health. Based on the existing evidences, low physical activity is associated with poor mood and mental conditions.[28] The findings of the present study showed a significant association between mother's well-being and physical activity during 3-12 months post delivery, as the mothers with moderate and heavy physical activity had higher well-being score. "
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    ABSTRACT: Postpartum time is a transient time for the mother and her family, in which mothers need psycho-physical and social adaptation. This study aimed to define the association between postpartum physical activity 3-12 months after delivery and postpartum well-being. This is a historical cohort study in which based on the primary information obtained from the physical activity questionnaire, 91 mothers were divided into two groups of postpartum light activity and moderate/heavy activity. Then, postpartum well-being in both the groups was measured by using the physical activity questionnaire. The subjects were selected from seven health care centers through purposive convenient sampling, and the obtained data were analyzed by descriptive and analytical statistical tests. The results showed that 74.7% (n = 68) of the subjects had light physical activity and 25.3% (n = 23) had moderate and heavy physical activity. There was no significant difference in these two groups concerning physical activity. Mean score of mothers' well-being in the group of light physical activity was less than that in moderate and heavy activity. The findings showed that postpartum physical activity increases postpartum well-being and having a program in this regard can promote some of the health dimensions.
    Iranian journal of nursing and midwifery research 03/2014; 19(1):82-87.
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    • "Thirdly, through an association between physical activity [75,76] and social contact [33,77] on the one hand and mental health on the other, including well-being, mood and depression/insomnia during pregnancy, green space may reduce mental disorders and their effects on adverse outcomes [25,78,79]. "
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    ABSTRACT: Few studies have considered using environmental amenities to explain social health inequalities.Nevertheless, Green spaces that promote good health may have an effect on socioeconomic health inequalities. In developed countries, there is considerable evidence that green spaces have a beneficial effect on the health of urban populations and recent studies suggest they can have a positive effect on pregnancy outcomes. To investigate the relationship between green spaces and the spatial distribution of infant mortality taking account neighborhood deprivation levels. The study took place in Lyon metropolitan area, France. All infant deaths that occurred between 2000 and 2009 were geocoded at census block level. Each census block was assigned greenness and socioeconomic deprivation levels. The spatial--scan statistic was used to identify high risk cluster of infant mortality according to these neighborhood characteristics. The spatial distribution of infant mortality was not random with a high risk cluster in the south east of the Lyon metropolitan area (p<0.003). This cluster disappeared (p=0.12) after adjustment for greenness level and socioeconomic deprivation, suggesting that these factors explain part of the spatial distribution of infant mortality. These results are discussed using a conceptual framework with 3 hypothetical pathways by which green spaces may have a beneficial effect on adverse pregnancy outcomes: (i) a psychological pathway, (ii) a physiological disruption process and (iii) an environmental pathway. These results add some evidence to the hypothesis that there is a relationship between access to green spaces and pregnancy outcomes but further research is required to confirm this.
    BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 10/2013; 13(1):191. DOI:10.1186/1471-2393-13-191 · 2.19 Impact Factor
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    • "In each study, active women were less likely to have depressive symptoms than inactive women; however, Pottinger et al. (2009) found decreased odds for occasional exercise, but not frequent exercise. Other studies have found primarily no associations between total or recreational physical activity and depressive symptoms (Goodwin et al. 2000; Poudevigne and O&apos;Connor 2005; Symons Downs et al. 2008). "
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    ABSTRACT: Prenatal depression confers health risks for both mother and family. Physical activity may promote better mental health; however, few studies have examined the influence of physical activity on prenatal depression. Data from 1,220 women enrolled in the third Pregnancy, Infection, and Nutrition Study (2001-2005) were used to examine the associations between overall and domain-specific moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) and depressive symptoms during pregnancy. Self-reported, past week physical activity assessed at 17-22 weeks' gestation was modeled in logistic regression with self-reported depressive symptoms assessed by the Center for Epidemiologic Studies-Depression Scale at 24-29 weeks' gestation. Active women with ≤2.67 h/week of total MVPA had almost half the odds of having high depressive symptoms as compared to women with no MVPA (odds ratio [OR] = 0.56, 95% confidence interval [CI] = 0.38, 0.83). Increased odds of elevated depressive symptoms were found for women participating in some but ≤2.25 h/week of adult and child care MVPA (OR = 1.84; 95% CI = 1.08, 3.11) and >1 h of indoor household MVPA (OR = 1.63, 95% CI = 0.99, 2.70) when compared to women with no MVPA. While overall MVPA may play a role in reducing the odds of developing elevated depressive symptoms, adult and child care and indoor household activities may increase it.
    Archives of Women s Mental Health 11/2010; 14(2):145-57. DOI:10.1007/s00737-010-0193-z · 2.16 Impact Factor
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