Fabrication of ZnSe nanoparticles in the apoferritin cavity by designing a slow chemical reaction system.
ABSTRACT Zinc selenide nanoparticles (ZnSe NPs) were synthesized in the cavity of the cage-shaped protein apoferritin by designing a slow chemical reaction system, which employs tetraaminezinc ion and selenourea. The chemical synthesis of ZnSe NPs was realized in a spatially selective manner from an aqueous solution, and ZnSe cores were formed in almost all apoferritin cavities with little bulk precipitation. Three factors are found to be important for ZnSe NP synthesis in the apoferritin cavity: (1) the threefold channel, which selectively introduces zinc ion into the apoferritin cavity, (2) the apoferritin internal potential, which favors zinc ion accumulation in the cavity, and (3) the nucleation site, which nucleates ZnSe inside the cavity. The characterization of the synthesized ZnSe NPs by X-ray powder diffraction and energy-dispersive spectrometry revealed that the synthesized NPs are a collection of cubic ZnSe polycrystals. It was shown that the 500 degrees C heat treatment for 1 h under nitrogen gas transformed the polycrystalline ZnSe core into a single crystal, and single-crystal ZnSe NPs free of protein were obtained.
Article: Temperature-modulated adsorption of poly(N-isopropylacrylamide)-grafted ferritin on solid substrate.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Ferritin grafted with temperature-responsive poly(N-isopropylacrylamide) (PIPAAm-ferritin) was synthesized by a coupling reaction using PIPAAm and ferritin for obtaining stimuli-responsive biomaterials. The hydrodynamic diameter of PIPAAm-ferritins in aqueous solution increased at 37 °C at a higher protein concentration (>0.2mg/mL) because of the intermolecular aggregation through the hydrophobic interaction of PIPAAm chains. On the other hand, PIPAAm-ferritins at a lower concentration (<0.2mg/mL) were unable to increase their size even at 37 °C. The adsorption kinetics of PIPAAm-ferritins on hydrophobically modified Si substrate were evaluated with a quartz crystal microbalance in 10 mmol/L Bis-Tris/HCl buffer (pH 5.8) with and without poly(oxyethylene) sorbitan monolaurate (TWEEN 20) (0.05 wt%) as a surfactant. Although the adsorption of PIPAAm-ferritins on hydrophobic Si substrate at 25 °C in the buffer with TWEEN 20 was hardly observed, PIPAAm-ferritins were considerably adsorbed on the substrate at 37 °C, indicating that the hydrophobic interaction between the substrate and PIPAAm grafts on the ferritins after the destruction of the hydrophobic interaction between the protein and the substrate by TWEEN 20.Colloids and surfaces. B, Biointerfaces 02/2012; 95:57-64. · 2.60 Impact Factor