Safety issues in the exotic pet practice.

Exotic Pet and Bird Clinic, Kirkland, WA 98033, USA.
Veterinary Clinics of North America Exotic Animal Practice 10/2005; 8(3):515-24, vii. DOI: 10.1016/j.cvex.2005.05.001
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Small animal practitioners are well versed in the potential zoonoses from dogs and cats. Although these account for the vast majority of documented cases of zoonotic disease in humans, there are documented as well as potential zoonotic diseases that the nontraditional companion animal is capable of transmitting. This article is a compilation of potential disease risks to veterinarians, staff, and owners of nontraditional companion animals. In addition, the article may serve as a training tool for veterinary practices.

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    ABSTRACT: Zoonoses risks are evident in veterinary practices and are often neglected. Production of vaccines and diagnostic agents for effective control of zoonotic diseases is very important. The main objective of the study was to assess the level of knowledge and use of infection control practices among the veterinarians of developing country. A survey was undertaken to observe the level of knowledge, aptitude, practice and experience regarding occupational health risks among the veterinarians. A self administered questionnaire was distributed to 180 veterinarians to evaluate the relevance. The important determinants has been identified, verified and validated for risk assessment. The response rate of the questionnaires was 100% and results indicated that most veterinarians were unaware of appropriate use of personal protective equipment and need practices that may help in reduction of zoonoses transmission. The veterinary technicians have to face many problems due to lack of information, education, and training. It is necessary that the Government provide the vaccination facility to all the veterinarians against the relevant zoonotic diseases. The level of awareness about the risks associated is needed to improve through proper education, training, and establishment of written infection control policies could be effective means of improving veterinary practices.
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    ABSTRACT: As human and animal populations increase, the need for veterinarians to serve as leaders in the prevention of and response to zoonotic diseases has never been greater. Zoonoses are defined as diseases that may be directly or indirectly transmitted from wild or domestic animals to humans.(1,2) Of the 1,461 diseases now recognized in humans, approximately 60% are caused by pathogens classified as zoonotic on the basis of their ability to move across species lines.' Over the past 30 years, approximately 75% of new emerging infectious diseases have been zoonotic.(4) Recognition by the public that infectious disease outbreaks in people can often be attributed to animal contact reinforces the need to educate veterinarians on zoonotic diseases, the role veterinarians play in preventing zoonoses, and the legal liabilities associated with these roles and responsibilities. The role veterinarians play in public health issues associated with zoonotic agents and human health is evolving, necessitating a closer look at the ethical and legal responsibilities of veterinarians in regard to zoonotic diseases, as well as the legal repercussions that may be associated with a failure to act. The present report provides an introduction to some of the challenging issues veterinary practitioners may face in this regard.
    Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association 12/2008; 233(10):1556-62. DOI:10.2460/javma.233.10.1556 · 1.67 Impact Factor