Small animal practitioners are well versed in the potential zoonoses from dogs and cats. Although these account for the vast majority of documented cases of zoonotic disease in humans, there are documented as well as potential zoonotic diseases that the nontraditional companion animal is capable of transmitting. This article is a compilation of potential disease risks to veterinarians, staff, and owners of nontraditional companion animals. In addition, the article may serve as a training tool for veterinary practices.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Zoonoses risks are evident in veterinary practices and are often neglected. Production of vaccines and diagnostic agents for effective control of zoonotic diseases is very important. The main objective of the study was to assess the level of knowledge and use of infection control practices among the veterinarians of developing country. A survey was undertaken to observe the level of knowledge, aptitude, practice and experience regarding occupational health risks among the veterinarians. A self administered questionnaire was distributed to 180 veterinarians to evaluate the relevance. The important determinants has been identified, verified and validated for risk assessment. The response rate of the questionnaires was 100% and results indicated that most veterinarians were unaware of appropriate use of personal protective equipment and need practices that may help in reduction of zoonoses transmission. The veterinary technicians have to face many problems due to lack of information, education, and training. It is necessary that the Government provide the vaccination facility to all the veterinarians against the relevant zoonotic diseases. The level of awareness about the risks associated is needed to improve through proper education, training, and establishment of written infection control policies could be effective means of improving veterinary practices.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Nondomesticated species are commonly being kept as companion animals. These include the African pygmy hedgehog (Atelerix albi-ventris), the North American black-tailed prairie dog (Cynomys lu-dovicianus), and exotic rodents such as the degu (Octodon degus)and duprasi or fat-tailed gerbil (Pachyuromys duprasi). Common companion marsupials include the sugar glider (Petaurus breviceps),Bennett's or Tammar (Dama) wallabies (Macropus rufogriseus rufo-griseus and Macropus eugenii, respectively), the Brazilian or South American gray short-tailed opossum (Monodelphis domestica), and the North American Virginia opossum (Didelphis virginiana). Although many of these animals are now bred domestically and are fairly docile when human-raised, they are essentially wild animals and hence have strong instincts to hide illness and pain.
Veterinary Clinics of North America Exotic Animal Practice 06/2006; 9(2):415-35, viii. DOI:10.1016/j.cvex.2006.03.004
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Venomous and nonvenomous snakes are found throughout most of the United States. While the literature on treatment is robust, there is not a current national epidemiologic profile of snakebite injuries in the United States. National estimates of such injuries treated in emergency departments (EDs) are presented along with characteristics of the affected population.
Data on snakebite injuries were abstracted from the National Electronic Injury Surveillance System-All Injury Program (2001-04). Variables included age, gender, body part affected, cause, disposition, and treatment date. When available, location, intentionality of the interaction, and snake species were coded based on narrative comments. Estimates were weighted and analyzed with SPSS Complex Samples.
An estimated 9873 snakebites were treated in US EDs each year between 2001 and 2004. Males were more frequently seen in the ED for snakebites than were females (males: 72.0% [95% confidence interval (CI), 68.0-75.7]; females: 28.0% [95% CI, 24.3-32.0]). Approximately 32% of patients were known to be bitten by venomous species. Overall, more than one quarter of patients were hospitalized (27.9% [95% CI, 15.9-44.2]), although 58.9% of patients with known venomous bites were hospitalized (95% CI, 41.5-74.3).
While they are rare events, snakebites cause nearly 10,000 visits to EDs for treatment every year. Epidemiologic data regarding snakebites provide practicing physicians with an understanding of the population affected and can help guide public health practitioners in their prevention efforts.
Wilderness and Environmental Medicine 02/2007; 18(4):281-7. DOI:10.1580/06-WEME-OR-080R1.1 · 1.20 Impact Factor
Data provided are for informational purposes only. Although carefully collected, accuracy cannot be guaranteed. The impact factor represents a rough estimation of the journal's impact factor and does not reflect the actual current impact factor. Publisher conditions are provided by RoMEO. Differing provisions from the publisher's actual policy or licence agreement may be applicable.