Hip fracture outcomes in patients with Parkinson's disease.

New York University-Hospital for Joint Diseases, New York, NY 10003, USA.
American journal of orthopedics (Belle Mead, N.J.) 08/2005; 34(7):341-6.
Source: PubMed


In a prospective, consecutive study conducted at a university teaching hospital, we evaluated the effects of Parkinson's disease (PD) on hip fracture outcomes. We followed 920 community-dwelling patients, aged 65 or older, who sustained a hip fracture that was operatively treated between July 1, 1987, and June 30, 1998. Presence or absence of PD had no bearing on type of surgery performed. Examined outcomes were postoperative complication rates; in-hospital mortality; length of hospital stay; discharge status (to home or to a skilled nursing facility); and mortality rate, place of residence, recovery of prefracture ambulatory ability, and return to prefracture activities of daily living (ADLs) 1 year after surgery Thirty-one patients (3.4%) had a history of PD before hip fracture. Patients with PD were more likely to be male, to live with another person, to have less ambulatory ability, and to be dependent in ADLs before hip fracture. Compared with patients without PD, they were hospitalized significantly longer and were more likely to be discharged to a skilled nursing facility. In addition, they declined more in level of independence in basic ADLs but not as much in instrumental ADLs at 1-year follow-up. Rates of postoperative complications, recovery of ambulatory ability within 1 year, and mortality within 1 year did not differ. These findings may guide orthopedic surgeons in counseling patients with PD and a hip fracture.

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    • "Of the 36 survivors, 87% had experienced falls and 35% had sustained multiple fractures. Hip fractures are associated with considerable morbidity and even an increased mortality in patients with PD, and are a leading reason for nursing home admission (Idjadi et al., 2005; Coughlin & Templeton, 1980). "
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