ABSTRACT The rapid dissemination of multidetector-row computed tomographic (CT) technology will make faster and more accurate gastric imagining available. Two-dimensional multiplanar reconstruction and CT gastrography including virtual gastroscopy and transparency rendering using volume rendering are types of interactive two- and three-dimensional medical imaging tools. It provides multiplanar cross-sectional imaging, gastroscopic viewing, and upper gastrointestinal series imaging in the same data acquisition. Two-dimensional multiplanar reconstruction provides accurate staging of gastric cancer and extraluminal information such as lymphadenopathy and distant metastasis. Virtual gastroscopy detects subtle mucosal changes and differentiates them from submucosal lesions in the same way as gastroscopy. Transparency rendering provides global orientation of the focal findings in the stomach in the same way as upper gastrointestinal series findings and provides useful information for preoperative mapping. Thus, CT gastrography is a promising method for evaluating gastric lesion despite its limitations.
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ABSTRACT: To evaluate the feasibility of modified fusion imaging (MFI) combining CT gastrography (CTG) and CT angiography (CTA) in the preoperative mapping and intraoperative localization of small (<3 cm) submucosal lesions (SMLs) during laparoscopic exogastric wedge resection. Thirty consecutive patients scheduled for laparoscopic wedge resection of small SMLs (<3 cm) were enrolled. MFI was reconstructed using a volume rendering of the arterial phase CT data acquired after gastric distension. With MFI, the possibility of preoperative mapping and feasibility for successful intraoperative localization was evaluated using intraoperative findings as the reference standard. In 21 of 30 patients (70%), preoperative mapping was possible. Preoperative mapping was feasible for successful intraoperative localization in 13 of 14 patients (93%) who underwent exogastric resection. MFI combining CTG and CTA is a feasible method for developing preoperative and intraoperative "road maps" for performing laparoscopic exogastric wedge resection of small SMLs.Abdominal Imaging 12/2013; · 1.91 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Before laparoscopic gastrectomy for gastric cancer can be planned, it is very important to know the precise location of the tumor. The aim of this study was to evaluate 3 methods of predicting the exact location of the tumor: preoperative gastrofibroscopy (GFS), preoperative computed tomography gastroscopy (CT), and intraoperative gastroscopy-guided laparoscopy (Lap). In this study, 15 patients were prospectively identified, and endoscopic clips were preoperatively placed on the proximal 1 cm of the tumor, at the angle on the greater curvature and opposite the angle on the greater curvature. The distances between the pylorus and the proximal tumor clip (PT), the angle clip (PA), the greater curvature clip (PG), and the gastroesophageal junction were measured by preoperative GFS, preoperative CT, intraoperative Lap, and visual inspection (Vis). PT, PA, and PG values measured by preoperative GFS differed significantly from the Vis values (P < 0.01). However, preoperative CT measurements of PT, PA, and PG did not differ from the Vis values (P = 0.78, P = 0.48, and P = 0.53, respectively). Intraoperative Lap and Vis PT values differed by only 1.1 cm on an average (P = 0.10), but PA and PG values varied by 1.9 and 3.4 cm, respectively (P = 0.01 for both). Endoscopic clipping combined with preoperative CT gastroscopy is more useful than preoperative GFS for preoperatively predicting the location of early gastric cancers and will be helpful for planning laparoscopic gastrectomy.Journal of the Korean Surgical Society 02/2013; 84(2):80-7. · 0.21 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: PURPOSE: This study aims to assess the diagnostic accuracy of virtual gastroscopy obtained by 320-row computed tomography (CT) examination in differentiating benign from malignant gastric ulcers (GUs). MATERIALS AND METHODS: 49 patients (30 M, 19 F, mean age 58.6) with endoscopic and histological diagnosis of GU underwent CT examination. A hypotonizing drug was administered and gastric walls were distended by air in order to perform virtual endoscopy. Based on morphological features, GUs were subdivided into benign or malignant forms by two blinded radiologists. Interobserver agreement was evaluated using Cohen's kappa (k) test. CT results were then compared with endoscopic and histological findings, having the latter as the reference standard. RESULTS: Thirty-five out of 49 patients (71%) were affected by malignant ulcers, while in the remaining 14 cases diagnosis of benign GU was made. Virtual gastroscopy showed diagnostic accuracy, sensitivity, and specificity values of 94%, 91%, and 100%, respectively, in differentiating benign from malignant ulcers. Almost perfect agreement between the two readers was found (k = 0.86). CONCLUSION: CT virtual gastroscopy improves the identification of GUs and allows differentiating benign from malignant forms.Abdominal Imaging 01/2012; · 1.91 Impact Factor