ABSTRACT The rapid dissemination of multidetector-row computed tomographic (CT) technology will make faster and more accurate gastric imagining available. Two-dimensional multiplanar reconstruction and CT gastrography including virtual gastroscopy and transparency rendering using volume rendering are types of interactive two- and three-dimensional medical imaging tools. It provides multiplanar cross-sectional imaging, gastroscopic viewing, and upper gastrointestinal series imaging in the same data acquisition. Two-dimensional multiplanar reconstruction provides accurate staging of gastric cancer and extraluminal information such as lymphadenopathy and distant metastasis. Virtual gastroscopy detects subtle mucosal changes and differentiates them from submucosal lesions in the same way as gastroscopy. Transparency rendering provides global orientation of the focal findings in the stomach in the same way as upper gastrointestinal series findings and provides useful information for preoperative mapping. Thus, CT gastrography is a promising method for evaluating gastric lesion despite its limitations.
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ABSTRACT: Advances in imaging techniques are changing the way radiologists undertake imaging of the gastrointestinal tract and their ability to answer questions posed by surgeons. In this paper we discuss the technological improvements of imaging studies that have occurred in the last few years and how these help to better diagnosing alimentary tract disease.World Journal of Gastroenterology 06/2006; 12(20):3139-45. · 2.43 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Early detection and accurate preoperative staging of gastric cancer are clinically important because the prognosis and choice of an optimal therapeutic approach are directly related to the stage of a neoplasm at time of presentation. Multidetector row computed tomography is a potentially powerful tool for noninvasive gastric evaluation. When thin collimation is used, near-isotropic imaging of the stomach is possible. Proper air distention of the stomach is used with virtual gastroscopic images; the technique is able to evaluate endoluminal lesions of the stomach and assist in early detection of gastric cancer. Adequate water-filled dynamic multiplanar reformatted images allow the radiologist to choose the optimal imaging plane to accurately evaluate depth of tumor invasion of the gastric wall and perigastric fat plane infiltration, identify a thin fat plane between a tumor and adjacent organs, avoid partial volume averaging effects, and better differentiate lymph nodes from small perigaskric vessels. Thus, the combination of air distention and hydrodistention of the stomach and dynamic contrast-enhanced multidetector row computed tomography with near-isotropic imaging offer improved diagnosis and staging of gastric cancers.Abdominal Imaging 10/2006; 31(5):514-20. DOI:10.1007/s00261-005-0218-7 · 1.73 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: It is important to differentiate malignant from benign gastric ulcers (GUs) because the early detection of malignancy offers the best prognosis and is essential for planning optimal therapy. However, the differential diagnosis between a malignant and benign gastric ulcer is sometimes difficult, and remains a great challenge. Recent advances in multidetector row-computed tomography (MDCT) with three-dimensional imaging software and multiplanar reformatted (MPR) images provide a potentially powerful tool for noninvasive gastric evaluation. Virtual gastroscopy (VG) is helpful in the detection and evaluation of GU in the same way as gastroscopy. In comparison with gastroscopy, VG images can depict abnormal endoluminal lesions with a wider field of view and they have no blind point because retrospective reconstruction is available. MPR images allow the radiologist to choose the optimal imaging plane to accurately evaluate the change of the gastric wall around the gastric ulcer avoiding partial volume averaging effects. This report describes the clinical usefulness of MDCT in differentiating malignant from benign GUs by using VG and MPR images.Abdominal Imaging 01/2007; 32(6):688-93. DOI:10.1007/s00261-006-9162-4 · 1.73 Impact Factor