Changes in electric charge and phospholipids composition in human colorectal cancer cells.
ABSTRACT Cancer cells perform their malicious activities through own cell membranes that screen and transmit inhibitory and stimulatory signals out of the cells and into them. This work is focused on changes of phospholipids content (PI-phosphatidylinositol, PS-phosphatidylserine, PE-phosphatidylethanolamine, PC-phosphatidylcholine) and electric charge that occur in cell membranes of colorectal cancer of pT 3 stage, various grades (G2, G3) and without/with metastasis. Qualitative and quantitative composition of phospholipids in the membrane was determined by HPLC (high-performance liquid chromatography). The surface charge density of colorectal cancer cell membranes was measured using electrophoresis. The measurements were carried out at various pH of solution. It was shown that the process of cancer transformation was accompanied by an increase in total amount of phospholipids as well as an increase in total positive charge at low pH and total negative charge at high pH. A malignant neoplasm cells with metastases are characterized by a higher PC/PE ratio than malignant neoplasm cells without metastases.
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ABSTRACT: Lipid mobilization is of great importance for tumor growth and studies have suggested that cancer cells exhibit abnormal choline phospholipid metabolism. In the present study, we hypothesized that phosphatidylethanolamine N-methyltransferase (PEMT) gene expression is increased in non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) tissues and that increased gene expression acts as a predictor of shorter patient survival. Forty-two consecutive patients with resected NSCLC were enrolled in this study. Paired samples of lung cancer tissues and adjacent non-cancer lung tissues were collected from resected specimens for the estimation of PEMT expression. SYBR Green-based real-time polymerase chain reaction was used for quantification of PEMT mRNA in lung cancer tissues. Lipoprotein lipase (LPL) and fatty acid synthase (FASN) activities had already been measured in the same tissues. During a four-year follow-up, 21 patients succumbed to tumor progression. One patient did not survive due to non-cancer reasons and was not included in the analysis. Cox regression analysis was used to assess the prognostic value of PEMT expression. Our findings show that elevated PEMT expression in the cancer tissue, relative to that in the adjacent non-cancer lung tissue, predicts shorter patient survival independently of standard prognostic factors and also independently of increased LPL or FASN activity, the two other lipid-related predictors of shorter patient survival. These findings suggest that active phosphatidylcholine and/or choline metabolism are essential for tumor growth and progression.Oncology letters 06/2014; 7(6):2175-2179. · 0.24 Impact Factor
- SOJ Microbiology & Infectious Diseases. 02/2014; 2(1).
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ABSTRACT: Originally known as host defence peptides for their substantial bacteriotoxic effects, many cationic antimicrobial peptides also exhibit a potent cytotoxic activity against cancer cells. Their mode of action is characterized mostly by electrostatic interactions with the plasma membrane, leading to membrane disruption and rapid necrotic cell death. In this work, we have designed a novel cationic peptide of 27 amino acids (Cypep-1), which shows efficacy against a number of cancer cell types, both in vitro and in vivo, while normal human fibroblasts were significantly less affected. Surface plasmon resonance experiments as well as liposome leakage assays monitored by fluorescence spectroscopy revealed a substantial binding affinity of Cypep-1 to negatively charged liposomes and induced significant leakage of liposome content after exposure to the peptide. The observed membranolytic effect of Cypep-1 was confirmed by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) as well as by time-lapse confocal microscopy. Pharmacokinetic profiling of Cypep-1 in rats showed a short plasma half-life after i.v. injection, followed mainly by retention in the liver, spleen and kidneys. Extremely low concentrations within the organs of the central nervous system indicated that Cypep-1 did not pass the blood-brain-barrier. Local treatment of 4T1 murine mammary carcinoma allografts by means of a single local bolus injection of Cypep-1 led to a significant reduction of tumour growth in the following weeks and prolonged survival. Detailed histological analysis of the treated tumours revealed large areas of necrosis. In sum, our findings show that the novel cationic peptide Cypep-1 displays a strong cytolytic activity against cancer cells both in vitro and in vivo and thus holds a substantial therapeutic potential.Genes & cancer. 05/2014; 5(5-6):186-200.