Idiopathic chronic urticaria and celiac disease.

Department of Internal Medicine, Catholic University the Sacred Heart, Rome, Italy.
Digestive Diseases and Sciences (Impact Factor: 2.55). 10/2005; 50(9):1702-4. DOI: 10.1007/s10620-005-2919-8
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Idiopathic chronic urticaria (ICU) is a chronic relapsing cutaneous disease. Some case reports or studies on small series of celiac disease (CD) patients have suggested a possible association between CD and ICU. The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence of CD in a population of adults ICU patients with respect to healthy controls. We consecutively enrolled 80 patients affected by ICU and 264 blood donors as the control population without a history of ICU. Serum anti-transglutaminase IgG and anti-endomysium IgA antibodies were evaluated in all subjects. In the case of positivity to serology, diagnosis was confirmed by duodenal biopsy. One of 80 (1.25%) ICU patients were positive to both anti-transglutaminase and anti-endomysium antibodies. Duodenal biopsy showed partial villous atrophy. One control of 264 (0.38%) had CD. No statistical difference was found in the prevalence of CD between the two groups. ICU patients do not seem to bear a greater risk for CD compared to the general population.

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    ABSTRACT: Cutaneous manifestations of intestinal diseases are increasingly reported both in the adult and in the children, and this association cannot longer be considered a simple random. Besides the well-known association between celiac disease (CD) and dermatitis herpetiformis (DH), considered as the cutaneous manifestation of gluten-dependent enteropathy, is more frequently reported also the association with other mucocutaneous diseases. Among these there are both autoimmune, allergic, and inflammatory diseases, but also a more heterogeneous group called miscellaneous. The knowledge about pathogenic, epidemiological, clinical, and diagnostic aspects of CD is increasing in recent years as well as those about DH, but some aspects still remain to be defined, in particular the possible pathogenetic mechanisms involved in the association between both CD and DH and CD and other immunological skin diseases. The aim of this paper is to describe the skin diseases frequently associated with CD, distinguishing them from those which have a relationship probably just coincidental.
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    ABSTRACT: Background: Case reports and smaller case-control studies suggest an association between celiac disease (CD) and urticaria but risk estimates have varied considerably across studies and as yet there are no studies on CD and the risk of future urticaria. Objective: To examine the association between CD and urticaria. Methods: We identified 28,900 patients with biopsy-verified CD (equal to Marsh stage 3) and compared them with 143,397 age- and sex-matched controls with regards to the risk of urticaria and chronic urticaria (duration ≥6 weeks). Hazard ratios (HRs) were estimated using a Cox regression model. Results: During follow-up, 453 patients with CD and no previous diagnosis of urticaria developed urticaria (expected n = 300) and 79 of these 453 had chronic urticaria (expected n = 41). The corresponding HRs were 1.51 for any urticaria (95%CI = 1.36-1.68) and 1.92 for chronic urticaria (95%CI = 1.48-2.48). The absolute risk for urticaria in CD was 140/100,000 person-years (excess risk = 47/100,000 person-years). Corresponding figures for chronic urticaria were 24/100,000 person-years and 12/100,000 person-years. Patients with CD were also at increased risk of having both urticaria (odds ratio, OR = 1.31; 95%CI = 1.12-1.52) and chronic urticaria (OR = 1.54; 95%CI = 1.08-2.18) prior to the CD diagnosis. Conclusion: This study suggests that CD is associated with urticaria, especially chronic urticaria.
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