HIV transmission behaviors in jail/prison among puerto rican drug injectors in New York and Puerto Rico.

National Development and Research Institutes, Inc., 71 West 23rd Street, New York 10010, USA.
AIDS and Behavior (Impact Factor: 3.49). 10/2005; 9(3):377-86. DOI: 10.1007/s10461-005-9011-4
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT This study examined HIV risk behavior in jail/prison among Puerto Rican drug injectors in New York (NY, n = 300) and Puerto Rico (PR, n = 200), and its relationship with later drug and sex risk behaviors. During 3 years prior to interview, 66% of NY and 43% of PR samples were incarcerated at least once. While incarcerated, 5% of NY and 53% of PR injected drugs. Few reported engaging in sex inside jail/prison (5% in both sites). Of those who engaged in risk behaviors in jail/prison, almost all reported having unprotected sex and sharing injection equipment. The impact of jail/prison risk behaviors on risk behaviors after release differed between the two sites: they were more related to subsequent sex risk behaviors in NY, and subsequent injection risk behaviors in PR. The findings indicate a need for effective drug treatment programs inside jail/prisons to reduce HIV-related risk behaviors among drug injectors during incarceration and after release.