Obesity is not a contraindication to laparoscopic Nissen fundoplication.
ABSTRACT Obesity has been shown to be a significant predisposing factor for gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). However, obesity is also thought to be a contraindication to antireflux surgery. This study was undertaken to determine if clinical outcomes after laparoscopic Nissen fundoplications are influenced by preoperative body mass index (BMI). From a prospective database of patients undergoing treatment for GERD, 257 consecutive patients undergoing laparoscopic Nissen fundoplication were studied. Patients were stratified by preoperative BMI: normal (<25), overweight (25-30), and obese (>30). Clinical outcomes were scored by patients with a Likert scale. Overweight and obese patients had more severe preoperative reflux, although symptom scores for reflux and dysphagia were similar among all weight categories. There was a trend toward longer operative times for obese patients. Mean follow-up was 26+/-23.9 months. Mean heartburn and dysphagia symptom scores improved for patients of all BMI categories (P<0.001). Postoperative symptom scores and clinical success rates did not differ among BMI categories. Most patients undergoing laparoscopic Nissen fundoplication are overweight or obese with moderate dysphagia and severe acid reflux. Clinical outcomes after laparoscopic Nissen fundoplication did not differ among patients stratified by preoperative BMI. Obesity is not a contraindication to laparoscopic Nissen fundoplication.
Article: Medical management of obesity.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Obesity is the most prevalent and serious nutritional disease among western countries and is rapidly replacing undernutrition as the most common form of malnutrition in the world. Approximately 300,000 deaths a year are currently associated with overweight and obesity, second only to cigarette smoking as a leading cause of preventable death in the United States. Obesity effects 9 organ systems and is a risk factor for gastroesophageal reflux disease, nonalcoholic fatty liver disease, cholelithiasis, and colon cancer. Evidence-based guidelines on the identification, evaluation, and treatment of overweight and obesity have recently been developed by the National Institutes of Health to help practitioners effectively manage their patients. The body mass index is used to classify weight status and risk of disease. Treatment for obesity includes lifestyle management, consisting of diet therapy, physical activity, and behavioral modification, and may include pharmacotherapy or surgery based on level of risk. Currently only 2 medications, sibutramine and orlistat, are approved for long-term use. An initial weight loss of 10% of body weight achieved over 6 months is a recommended target. This article reviews the evaluation and management of the adult obese patient.Seminars in gastrointestinal disease 08/2002; 13(3):123-32.
- New England Journal of Medicine 01/2001; 343(25):1888-9. · 51.66 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: To investigate the factors leading to histologic regression of metaplastic and dysplastic Barrett's esophagus (BE). The study sample consisted of 91 consecutive patients with symptomatic Barrett's esophagus. Pre- and posttreatment endoscopic biopsies from 77 Barrett's patients treated surgically and 14 treated with proton pump inhibitors (PPI) were reviewed. An expert pathologist confirmed the presence of intestinal metaplasia (IM) with or without dysplasia. Posttreatment histology was classified as having regressed if two consecutive biopsies taken more than 6 months apart plus all subsequent biopsies showed loss of IM or loss of dysplasia. Clinical factors associated with regression were studied by multivariate analysis, as was the time course of its occurrence. Histopathologic regression occurred in 28 of 77 patients (36.4%) after antireflux surgery and in 1 of 14 patients (7.1%) treated with PPIs alone (p < 0.03). After surgery, regression from low-grade dysplastic to nondysplastic BE occurred in 17 of 25 patients (68%) and from IM to no IM in 11 of 52 (21.2%). Both types of regression were significantly more common in short (< 3 cm) than long (> 3 cm) segment Barrett's esophagus; 19 of 33 (58%) and 9 of 44 (20%) patients, respectively (p = 0.0016). Eight patients progressed, five from IM alone to low-grade dysplasia and three from low- to high-grade dysplasia. All those who progressed had long segment BE. On multivariate analysis, presence of short segment Barrett's and type of treatment were significantly associated with regression; age, gender, surgical procedure, and preoperative lower esophageal sphincter and pH characteristics were not. The median time of biopsy-proved regression was 18.5 months after surgery, with 95% occurring within 5 years. This study refutes the widely held assumption that once established, Barrett's esophagus does not change. More than one-third of patients with visible segments of Barrett's esophagus undergo histologic regression after antireflux surgery. Regression is dependent on the length of the columnar-lined esophagus and time of followup after antireflux surgery.Journal of the American College of Surgeons 05/2003; 196(5):706-12; discussion 712-3. · 4.50 Impact Factor