mRNA translation is not a prerequisite for small interfering RNA-mediated mRNA cleavage
ABSTRACT RNA interference constitutes a major means of eliminating mRNAs, yet how the small interfering RNAs (siRNA) within the RNA-induced silencing complex (RISC) finds its homologous target in the cell remains unknown. An attractive hypothesis is that RNA interference is linked to translation which allows RISC ready access to every translated mRNA. To test whether translation could direct siRNAs to mRNAs, chemical and biological inhibitors of translation and their effects on mRNA cleavage were tested. Our results show that mRNA degradation by siRNAs is not dependent on mRNA translation.
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- "Ago-2 is considered to be localized in discrete foci, socalled P-bodies, in which programmed RNA degradation takes place (Liu et al., 2005; Sen et al., 2005). It is, however, unclear whether P-bodies just serve as a storage facility for RISC components or whether RNAi takes place in P-bodies (Rossi, 2005). "
ABSTRACT: Viruses have evolved strategies to overcome the antiviral effects of the host at different levels. Besides specific defence mechanisms, the host responds to viral infection via the interferon pathway and also by RNA interference (RNAi). However, several viruses have been identified that suppress RNAi. We addressed the question of whether hepatitis C virus (HCV) suppresses RNAi, using cell lines constitutively expressing green fluorescent protein (GFP) and inducibly expressing HCV proteins. It was found that short interfering RNA-mediated GFP gene silencing was inhibited when the entire HCV polyprotein was expressed. Further studies showed that HCV structural proteins, and in particular envelope protein 2 (E2), were responsible for this inhibition. Co-precipitation assays demonstrated that E2 bound to Argonaute-2 (Ago-2), a member of the RNA-induced silencing complex, RISC. Thus, HCV E2 that interacts with Ago-2 is able to suppress RNAi.Journal of General Virology 12/2008; 89(Pt 11):2761-6. DOI:10.1099/vir.0.2008/002923-0 · 3.53 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: ... The goal of the project was to establish knock down of mRNA in human mesenchymal stem cells. Since these cells are difficult to transfect, a viral approach is needed to achieve sufficient expression of e. g. shRNA in a high percentage of cells to allow for an efficient silencing of corresponding mRNAs. For this purpose for every gene product of interest, a number of shRNA clones have to be tested to detect an individual shRNA with sufficient efficacy. Lentiviral systems for shRNA approaches have recently become available. The principal advantage of the lentiviral system is that it allows gene silencing in nondividing cells and therefore expands the usefulness of the RNAi-based gene silencing system. Lentivirus-delivered shRNAs are capable of specific, highly stable and functional silencing of gene expression in a variety of cell types. Since the viral transfection of MSCs is a time consuming process that involves transfection of 293 FT cells plus transduction of target cells, for this thesis the following approach was chosen: genes of interest were checked for expression in 293FT cells by RT-PCR. These gene products can be silenced in 293FT cells simply by transfection of shRNA clones and efficacy was subsequently tested by RT-PCR. Beyond this thesis then the project can proceed with effective clones to transduce primary MSCs with individual shRNA clones identified as effective silencing tool in this thesis.
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ABSTRACT: The use of the RNA interference (RNAi) pathway to eliminate gene products has greatly facilitated the understanding of gene function. Behind this remarkable pathway is an intricate network of proteins that ensures the degradation of the target mRNA. In this review, we explore the history of RNAi as well as highlighting recent discoveries.The FASEB Journal 08/2006; 20(9):1293-9. DOI:10.1096/fj.06-6014rev · 5.48 Impact Factor