Article

Cloning, expression, and localization of MNAR/PELP1 in rodent brain: colocalization in estrogen receptor-alpha- but not in gonadotropin-releasing hormone-positive neurons.

Institute of Neuroscience, Institute of Molecular Medicine and Genetics, School of Medicine, Medical College of Georgia, Augusta, 30912, USA.
Endocrinology (Impact Factor: 4.72). 01/2006; 146(12):5215-27. DOI: 10.1210/en.2005-0276
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT MNAR/PELP1 is a recently identified scaffold protein in the human that modulates the nongenomic activity of estrogen receptors by facilitating linkage/cross talk with the Src/Erk activation cascade. We report herein the cloning of rat MNAR/PELP1 and provide new information concerning its distribution in the female rat brain and its degree of colocalization with estrogen receptor-alpha (ER-alpha) and GnRH. PCR-based cloning of MNAR/PELP1 from rat hypothalamus yielded a transcript of approximately 3.4 kb, which shows 86% homology to the published human MNAR/PELP1 sequence and retained all the key binding motifs (PXXP, LXXLL, and glutamic acid clusters) in its primary structure that are known to be critical for its interaction with Src and steroid receptors. RT-PCR revealed that the MNAR/PELP1 transcript is expressed in many regions of the brain, and immunohistochemistry studies showed intense MNAR/PELP1 immunoreactivity (MNAR/PELP1-ir) in areas such as the hypothalamus, cerebral cortex, hippocampus, amygdala, and cerebellum. MNAR/PELP1-ir principally localized in the nucleus, but some cytoplasmic and plasma membrane-associated staining was also observed. MNAR/PELP1-ir was also primarily neuronal, although some localization in glia cells was observed in select brain regions. Colocalization studies revealed that a majority of ER-alpha-positive cells in the brain colocalized MNAR/PELP1-ir. In contrast, MNAR/PELP1-ir rarely colocalized in GnRH neurons. In conclusion, the current study provides evidence that MNAR/PELP1 is expressed in key neural tissues of the rat brain that are known targets of steroid action, that its expression is primarily neuronal, and that MNAR/PELP1-ir is strongly colocalized in ER-alpha, but not GnRH neurons in the rodent brain.

0 Bookmarks
 · 
60 Views
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Proline, glutamic acid, and leucine rich protein 1 (PELP1) is a large multi-domain protein that has been shown to modulate an increasing number of pathways and biological processes. The first reports describing the cloning and characterization of PELP1 showed that it was an estrogen receptor coactivator. PELP1 has now been shown to be a coregulator for a growing number of transcription factors. Furthermore, recent reports have shown that PELP1 is a member of chromatin remodeling complexes. In addition to PELP1 nuclear functions, it has been shown to have cytoplasmic signaling functions as well. In the cytoplasm PELP1 acts as a scaffold molecule and mediates rapid signaling from growth factor and hormone receptors. PELP1 signaling ultimately plays a role in cancer biology by increasing proliferation and metastasis, among other cellular processes. Here we will review 1) the cloning and characterization of PELP1 expression, 2) interacting proteins, 3) PELP1 signaling, and 4) PELP1-mediated biology.
    Molecular and Cellular Endocrinology 08/2013; · 4.04 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Converging evidence from cellular, electrophysiological, anatomic, and behavioral studies suggests that the remodeling of synapse structure and function is a critical component of cognition. This modulation of neuroplasticity can be achieved through the actions of numerous extracellular signals. Moreover, it is thought that it is the integration of different extracellular signals regulation of neuroplasticity that greatly influences cognitive function. One group of signals that exerts powerful effects on multiple neurologic processes is estrogens. Classically, estrogens have been described to exert their effects over a period of hours to days. However, there is now increasing evidence that estrogens can rapidly influence multiple behaviors, including those that require forebrain neural circuitry. Moreover, these effects are found in both sexes. Critically, it is now emerging that the modulation of cognition by rapid estrogenic signaling is achieved by activation of specific signaling cascades and regulation of synapse structure and function, cumulating in the rewiring of neural circuits. The importance of understanding the rapid effects of estrogens on forebrain function and circuitry is further emphasized as investigations continue to consider the potential of estrogenic-based therapies for neuropathologies. This review focuses on how estrogens can rapidly influence cognition and the emerging mechanisms that underlie these effects. We discuss the potential sources and the biosynthesis of estrogens within the brain and the consequences of rapid estrogenic-signaling on the remodeling of neural circuits. Furthermore, we argue that estrogens act via distinct signaling pathways to modulate synapse structure and function in a manner that may vary with cell type, developmental stage, and sex. Finally, we present a model in which the coordination of rapid estrogenic-signaling and activity-dependent stimuli can result in long-lasting changes in neural circuits, contributing to cognition, with potential relevance for the development of novel estrogenic-based therapies for neurodevelopmental or neurodegenerative disorders.
    Pharmacological reviews 01/2013; 65(4):1318-1350. · 17.00 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: There is now a growing appreciation that estrogen is capable of rapidly activating a number of signaling cascades within the central nervous system. In addition, there are an increasing number of studies reporting that 17β-estradiol, the major biologically active estrogen, can modulate cognition within a rapid time frame. Here we review recent studies that have begun to uncover the molecular and cellular framework which contributes to estrogens ability to rapidly modulate cognition. We first describe the mechanisms by which estrogen receptors (ERs) can couple to intracellular signaling cascades, either directly, or via the transactivation of other receptors. Subsequently, we review the evidence that estrogen can rapidly modulate both neuronal function and structure in the hippocampus and the cortex. Finally, we will discuss how estrogens may influence cognitive function through the modulation of neuronal structure, and the implications this may have on the treatment of a range of brain disorders.
    Frontiers in Neuroendocrinology 01/2014; · 7.99 Impact Factor

Full-text (3 Sources)

Download
6 Downloads
Available from
Aug 6, 2014