Phase I study of S-1 combined with irinotecan (CPT-11) in patients with advanced gastric cancer (OGSG 0002).
ABSTRACT A dose-escalation study of irinotecan (CPT-11) combined with S-1, a novel oral fluoropyrimidine, was performed to determine the maximum-tolerated dose (MTD), recommended dose (RD) and dose-limiting toxicities (DLTs) in advanced gastric cancer.
S-1 was administered orally at 80 mg/m(2)/day for 21 consecutive days followed by a 2 week rest. CPT-11 was given intravenously on days 1 and 15 of each course, at an initial dose of 40 mg/m(2)/day, stepping up to 60, 80, 100 or 120 mg/m(2)/day depending on the DLT. Courses were repeated every 5 weeks, unless disease progression or severe toxicity was observed. At a level of the RD, five patients were added to conduct a pharmacokinetic (PK) study.
A total of 24 patients were entered in this study. The MTD of CPT-11 was considered to be 100 mg/m(2), because 50% of the patients (3/6) developed DLTs, diarrhea and rash. Therefore, the RD of CPT-11 was set at the dose immediately below 80 mg/m(2). The overall response rate (RR) by the criteria of the Japanese Research Society of Gastric Cancer was 58.3% (14/24) and the RR at the RD was 66.7% (6/9), suggesting promising clinical efficacy. There were no significant differences between the PK parameters of S-1 on days 10 and 15.
S-1 with CPT-11 can be combined safely without CPT-11 effect on S-1 PK data and holds promise as an effective regimen for advanced gastric cancer.
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ABSTRACT: PURPOSE: This phase I/II study was designed to evaluate a combination of irinotecan and S-1 a new regimen for salvage chemotherapy in patients with advanced or metastatic non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). METHODS: The study group comprised patients with advanced or metastatic NSCLC who had previously received at least one platinum-containing chemotherapy. Patients received irinotecan on days 1, 15 and oral S-1 (40 mg/m(2) twice daily as a fixed dose) on day 1 to 14 of a 28-day cycle. RESULTS: In the phase I part, irinotecan was given in escalating doses of 70 (Level 1), 80 (Level 2), and 90 mg/m(2) (Level 3). Three of the 5 patients given Level 3 had dose-limiting toxicity, and Level 2 (80 mg/m(2) of irinotecan) was designated as the recommended dose. In phase II, 38 patients received a median of 7.4 cycles of irinotecan at the recommended dose. The overall response rate was 15.8 % (90 % confidence interval (CI): 6.1-25.5 %), and the median progression-free and overall survival times were 4.5 months (95 % CI: 3.5-5.0) and 15.0 months (95 % CI: 9.5-20.6) months, respectively. Toxicity was generally mild. Grade 3 or higher toxicity included neutropenia in 17.9 % of the patients, thrombocytopenia in 5.1 % and nausea in 7.7 %. CONCLUSION: Combination chemotherapy with S-1 and irinotecan was considered an effective salvage regimen in patients with advanced or metastatic NSCLC.Cancer Chemotherapy and Pharmacology 09/2012; · 2.80 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Lymphocyte antigen 6 complex locus K (LY6K) has been identified as a tumor-associated antigen in lung cancers and esophageal squamous cell carcinomas. The immunogenicity of LY6K-177 peptide vaccine therapy has been demonstrated in patients with advanced esophageal cancer. This study extends this treatment to gastric cancer. METHODS: LY6K expression in clinical samples obtained from gastric cancer patients was examined by immunochemistry. As a phase I clinical trial, the safety and immunogenicity of LY6K-177 peptide vaccine emulsified with Montanide ISA 51 was evaluated in six patients with unresectable advanced gastric cancer. LY6K-177 peptide (1 mg in 1 ml sterile saline) was emulsified with incomplete Freund's adjuvant (1 ml) and intracutaneously administered to the inguinal region or axilla. One treatment course comprised four vaccinations, performed weekly for the first and second treatment courses and biweekly for the third treatment course. RESULTS: LY6K expression was confirmed in 85 % of gastric cancer tissues. Induration and redness at the vaccination site (grade I), possibly a delayed-type hypersensitivity reaction, was observed in all patients; however, no systemic toxicology was identified in any patient throughout the observation period. Three of the six patients had stable disease, and a tumor contraction effect was observed in one patient. CONCLUSIONS: LY6K was expressed in 85 % of observed gastric cancers. Vaccination with LY6K-177 peptide/Montanide ISA 51 appeared to be tolerated by advanced gastric cancer patients, and moreover anticancer efficacy was suggested. This trial was registered with ClinicalTrial.gov (no. NCT00845611).Gastric Cancer 04/2013; · 3.99 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Although both oral fluoropyrimidines were reported effective and safe, doubts exist about whether S-1 or capecitabine is more advantageous in advanced gastric carcinoma (AGC). Herein, we performed a meta-analysis to comprehensively compare the efficacy and safety of S-1-based chemotherapy versus capecitabine-based chemotherapy as first-line treatment for AGC. PubMed/Medline, EmBase, Cochrane library, and China National Knowledge Infrastructure databases were searched for articles comparing S-1-based chemotherapy to capecitabine-based chemotherapy for AGC. Primary outcomes were overall response rate (ORR), time to progression (TTP), overall survival (OS), progression-free probability, and survival probability. Secondary outcomes were toxicities. Fixed-effects model were used and all the results were confirmed by random-effects model. Five randomized controlled trials and five cohort studies with 821 patients were included. We found equivalent ORR (38.3% vs. 39.1%, odds ratio [OR] 0.92, 95% conﬁdence interval [CI] 0.69-1.24, P = 0.59), TTP (harzad ratio [HR] 0.98, 95% CI 0.82-1.16, P = 0.79), OS (HR 0.99, 95% CI 0.87-1.13, P = 0.91), progression-free probability (3-month OR 1.02, 95% CI 0.62-1.68, P = 0.94; 6-month OR 1.34, 95% CI 0.88-2.04, P = 0.18) and survival probability (0.5-year OR 0.90, 95% CI 0.61-1.31, P =0.57; 1-year OR 0.97, 95% CI 0.70- 1.33, P = 0.84; 2-year OR 1.15, 95% CI 0.61-2.17, P = 0.66). Equivalent grade 3 to 4 hematological and non-hematological toxicities were found except hand-foot syndrome was less prominent in S-1-based chemotherapy (0.3% vs. 5.9%, OR 0.19, 95% CI 0.06-0.56, P = 0.003). There're no significant heterogeneity and publication bias. Cumulative analysis found stable time-dependent trend. Consistent results stratified by study design, age, regimen, cycle, country were observed. S-1-based chemotherapy was associated with non-inferior antitumor efficacy and better safety profile, compared with capecitabine-based therapy. We recommended S-1 and capecitabine can be used interchangeably for AGC, at least in Asia.PLoS ONE 01/2013; 8(12):e82798. · 3.73 Impact Factor