[New classification of interstitial lung disease].
ABSTRACT The pathological classification of interstitial lung disease (ILD) includes two general groups, diffuse infiltrative pneumonia with a specific histological presentation due to primary disease of unknown or unrecognized cause and idiopathic ILD. Diagnosis is established on the basis of clinical, radiological and pathological findings. In the first group of diffuse infiltrative pneumonia, the diagnosis is usually straightforward, established on endoscopic biopsy, alveolar lavage or surgical material depending on the case. The pathological classification of idiopathic ILD requires a surgical specimen. The entities redefined by the American Thoracic Society and the European Respiratory Society (ATS/ERS) are: usual interstitial pneumonia, non specific interstitial pneumonia, chronic organized pneumonia, diffuse alveolar damage, desquamative interstitial pneumonia, desquamative interstitial pneumonia with respiratory bronchiolitis and lymphocytic interstitial pneumonia. The diagnosis of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis is established in a precise clinical and radiological context with an aspect of common interstitial pneumonia of the biopsy material. It is important to recognized common interstitial pneumonia because of the severe prognosis and to distinguish it from non-specific ILD.
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ABSTRACT: Nonspecific interstitial pneumonia (NSIP) has been proposed as a histologic subtype of idiopathic interstitial pneumonia with lung biopsy findings that are inconsistent with those of other idiopathic interstitial pneumonias. NSIP has a broad spectrum of histologic findings and a variable prognosis. The aim of this study was to determine whether it would be preferable to subdivide NSIP into cellular and fibrosing patterns. The authors classified lung biopsies from 101 patients with idiopathic interstitial lung disease as having histologic patterns of desquamative interstitial pneumonia (DIP), usual interstitial pneumonia (UIP), or cellular or fibrosing NSIP. Survival analysis was performed using the Kaplan-Meier method. Due to histologic, clinical, and survival similarities, the patients with idiopathic NSIP with lung biopsies that showed fibrosing as well as fibrosing and cellular patterns were combined into a single group of NSIP, fibrosing pattern. Of the 101 patients, 16 patients (9 women, 7 men) had idiopathic DIP; 56 patients (17 women, 39 men) had idiopathic UIP; 22 patients (7 women, 15 men) had idiopathic NSIP, fibrosing pattern; and 7 patients (2 women, 5 men) had idiopathic NSIP, cellular pattern. The patients had a mean age of 42, 51, 50, and 39 years respectively. Patients with idiopathic NSIP, cellular pattern had a better 5- and 10-year survival than those with idiopathic NSIP, fibrosing pattern (100% vs 90% and 100% vs 35% respectively, p = 0.027). Survival of patients with idiopathic UIP was worse than that of patients with idiopathic NSIP, fibrosing pattern (p = 0.014). The difference, however, was more evident at 5 years (43% vs 90%) than at 10 years (15% vs 35%). The 5- and 10-year survival of patients with idiopathic NSIP, cellular pattern and DIP was 100%, which was significantly better than that of patients with idiopathic UIP (p <0.0001). Based on these data, NSIP should be separated into cellular and fibrosing patterns, because these histologic patterns are associated with different clinical characteristics and prognoses.American Journal of Surgical Pathology 02/2000; 24(1):19-33. · 4.87 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Eight cases of acute interstitial pneumonia were studied to define the clinical and pathologic features and to determine the relationship to chronic interstitial pneumonia. Clinically, this disease differs from the chronic interstitial pneumonias by a sudden onset and a rapid course. Five patients died of respiratory failure after 23 days to 2 months, and two died of other complications after 3 1/2-6 months. An etiologic agent could not be identified in any case. The histologic hallmark was interstitial fibrosis and edema associated with type II pneumocyte hyperplasia. The fibrosis differed from that seen in the chronic interstitial pneumonias by extensive fibroblast proliferation and relatively little collagen deposition. Autoradiographic studies of tritiated thymidine (3H-TdR) uptake showed high labeling indices in interstitial cells and type II pneumocytes. Evidence of acute lung injury, including both endothelial and epithelial cell damage, was a prominent ultrastructural feature. These findings emphasize that acute interstitial pneumonia is a clinically and pathologically distinct form of interstitial pneumonia that should be separated from the group of chronic interstitial pneumonias.American Journal of Surgical Pathology 05/1986; 10(4):256-67. · 4.87 Impact Factor
- Radiographics 01/1997; 17(4):1016-22. · 2.79 Impact Factor