Evaluating the role of desorption in bioavailability of sediment-associated contaminants using oligochaetes, semipermeable membrane devices and Tenax extraction.
ABSTRACT The success of the rapidly desorbing fraction as an available fraction was challenged by using sediment ingesting and non-ingesting oligochaetes (Lumbriculus variegatus) together with passive samplers (semipermeable membrane devices, SPMDs) in accumulation and kinetic modelling exercises for carbon-14 labelled model compounds (pyrene, benzo[a]pyrene and 3,4,3',4'-tetrachlorobiphenyl). Passive samplers clearly produced lower uptake rate constants and steady state factors than either of the oligochaete treatments when residue concentrations were based on animal lipid or total SPMD weight. The rapidly desorbing chemical fractions in sediments did not show a significant relationship with the biota sediment accumulation factors or SPMD accumulation factors. A distinctly better relationship was observed between the accumulation factors and the desorption rate constants. The results support the assumption that desorption plays an important role in bioavailability, although animal behaviour and the diffusional limitations of hydrophobic contaminants in sediment together probably affect the actual available pool.
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ABSTRACT: Bioavailability of dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethanes (DDTs) in surface sediments was evaluated with semipermeable membrane devices (SPMDs) and two different sediment-dwelling benthic mussels, Bellamya aeruginosa (B. aeruginosa) and Corbicula fluminea (C. fluminea). After 28d laboratory exposure, the positive correlations of DDT concentrations between both SPMDs and benthic mussels with sediments documented that the bioavailability of DDTs was mainly affected by surrounding sediments, while the observed differences of DDT concentrations and congener proportions between B. aeruginosa and C. fluminea were due to the specific physiological characteristics of organisms and different physico-chemical properties of contaminants. Comparisons between SPMDs and benthic mussels showed higher values of biota-sediment accumulation factors (BSAF, 0.63-3.61 for B. aeruginosa and 2.19-17.08 for C. fluminea) than device accumulation factors (DAF, 1.00-1.74). This indicated that living organisms bioaccumulated much more DDTs from sediments than SPMDs due to the different exposure and uptake routes. Strong positive associations between DDTs in SPMDs and benthic mussels indicated SPMDs could mimic the bioaccumulation of DDTs, especially in C. fluminea. However, given the distinct differences observed for both concentrations and congener proportions of DDTs in SPMDs and B. aeruginosa, future study should be directed to develop reliable models with various sediment-dwelling organisms before SPMDs are routinely used in field study.Soil and Sediment Contamination 04/2013; 22(3). DOI:10.1080/15320383.2013.726297 · 0.58 Impact Factor
Dataset: Supplementary Material