Broad range 16S rRNA gene PCR compared to bacterial culture to confirm presumed synovial infection in horses.
ABSTRACT The objectives of the present study were to evaluate the accuracy of broad range 16S rRNA gene PCR compared to bacterial culture for the detection of synovial infection in horses. The study included 57 synovial fluid samples from horses with presumed synovial infection and a control group consisting of 31 synovial fluid samples originating from clinically normal horses and horses with aseptic synovial inflammation. All samples were analysed by 16S PCR with reverse line blot (RLB) hybridisation. Synovial fluid samples were cultured using conventional agar plate methods (APM) and/or blood culture medium (BCM). The results of the study showed a superior detection rate (89.5%) for 16S PCR with RLB. Bacterial culture had lower sensitivity, but highly acceptable detection rates (77.6%) were observed using BCM. APM had very low sensitivity (37.8%) and infection was never detected by plate isolation without positive incubation in BCM. The highest sensitivity (91.8%) for the detection of synovial infection was achieved when the results of incubation in BCM and 16S PCR were combined. For all the tests, the specificity was higher than 90%.
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ABSTRACT: Real-time PCR methods with primers and a probe targeting conserved regions of the bacterial 16S ribosomal DNA (rDNA) revealed a larger amount of rDNA in blood specimens from healthy individuals than in matched reagent controls. However, the origins and identities of these blood-associated bacterial rDNA sequences remain obscure.Journal of Clinical Microbiology 06/2001; 39(5):1956-9. · 4.07 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The last decade has seen the crossover of basic molecular research techniques toward clinical application. The use of molecular diagnostics originally was driven by the desire to identify unculturable or fastidious pathogens. Success in this setting has led to new applications aimed at identifying organisms involved in musculoskeletal infection. Recently, polymerase chain reaction techniques have been investigated as to their efficacy in diagnosing septic arthritis and periprosthetic infection. This paper will offer an introduction to molecular diagnostics, a brief review of several techniques, and update their status in the diagnosis of musculoskeletal infection.Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research 04/1999; · 2.79 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: An evaluation was undertaken to determine the utility of the BACTEC Peds Plus/F bottle and the BACTEC 9240 instrument (Becton Dickinson Diagnostic Instrument Systems, Sparks, Md.) for the detection of clinically significant microorganisms in synovial fluid specimens. The Peds Plus/F bottle was used because in our laboratory the quantity of synovial fluid available for culture is frequently in the range of 0.5 to 3.0 ml. The culture results obtained with the Peds Plus/F bottle were compared to those obtained by a conventional agar plate method for a total of 805 synovial fluid specimens. Microbial growth was produced by 74 cultures (9.2%) from 60 patients, yielding a total of 77 microorganisms. Organisms were classified as pathogens (n = 62), contaminants (n = 12), or indeterminate (n = 3) on the basis of a review of the patients' medical histories. Culture using BACTEC Peds Plus/F bottle detected statistically significantly more pathogens overall (62 versus 51 pathogens [P = 0.001]) and statistically fewer contaminants overall (1 versus 11 contaminants [P = 0.006]) than culture by the agar plate method. These results indicate the superior performance of the BACTEC Peds Plus/F bottle over the conventional agar plate method for the detection of clinically significant microorganisms from synovial fluid specimens.Journal of Clinical Microbiology 01/2002; 39(12):4468-71. · 4.07 Impact Factor