The ZDHHC8 gene did not associate with bipolar disorder or schizophrenia.
ABSTRACT The zinc finger and DHHC domain-containing protein 8 (ZDHHC8) gene is located on chromosome 22q11, which several genome scans have provided repeated evidence for a significant linkage with bipolar disorder (BPD) and schizophrenia. A recent study revealed that a single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP), rs175174, which has potential effects on splicing, in intron 4 of the ZDHHC8 gene is associated with susceptibility to patients with schizophrenia in US and South Africa. We examined three SNPs of the ZDHHC8 gene, including rs175174, by case-control association in Japanese patients with BPD (N=172) and controls (N=298) or patients with schizophrenia (N=407) and controls (N=497). No significant association with BPD or schizophrenia was observed. After stratification by subcategories, bipolar I and II of BPD, and paranoid and disorganized types of schizophrenia, no significant association was found, nor was a significant association with either disorder found after dividing by gender. These data suggest that the ZDHHC8 gene may not be associated with susceptibility to BPD or schizophrenia, at least in a Japanese population.
SourceAvailable from: Vanessa Kiyomi Ota[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: ZDHHC8 rs175174 polymorphism is located in 22q11.2 region and its role in brain volume has not been fully addressed. A total of 282 schizophrenia patients and 379 controls were genotyped. A sample of 138 patients underwent brain MRI scan. No association was found between schizophrenia and genotypes. Nevertheless, GG-genotype carriers presented gray matter volume (GMV) reduction in frontal lobe compared to A-allele carriers, and cerebellar hemispheres GMV reductions were found in G-allele carriers compared to AA-genotype. Moreover, A-allele carriers presented posterior brain GMV reductions when compared to GG-genotype. These data suggest that ZDHHC8 may play a role in cortical volumes.Schizophrenia Research 04/2013; 145(1-3):33-5. DOI:10.1016/j.schres.2013.01.011 · 4.43 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Introduction: Palmitoylation describes the enzymatic attachment of the 16-carbon fatty acid, palmitate, to specific cysteines of proteins via a labile thioester bond. This post-translational modification increases the lipophilicity of the modified protein, thus regulating its subcellular distribution and function. The transfer of palmitate to a substrate is mediated by palmitoyl acyltransferases (PATs), while depalmitoylation is catalyzed by acyl protein thioesterases (APTs). Nearly one-third of the 23 genes that encode PATs are linked to human diseases, representing important targets for drug development. Areas covered: In this review, the authors summarize the recent technical advances in the field of palmitoylation and how they will affect our ability to understand palmitoylation and its relevance to human disease. They also review the current literature describing existing palmitoylation inhibitors. The aim of this article is to increase the awareness of the importance of palmitoylation in disease by reviewing the recent progress made in identifying pharmacological modulators of PATs/APTs. It also aims to provide suggestions for general considerations in the development of selective and potent PAT inhibitors. Expert opinion: Developing therapeutically useful pharmacological modulators of palmitoylation will require that they be developed within the context of well-characterized PAT/APT-related signaling systems. The successful development of potent, specific drugs in similarly complex systems suggests that development of useful drugs targeting PATs is feasible.Expert Opinion on Drug Discovery 06/2014; 9(9):1-15. DOI:10.1517/17460441.2014.933802 · 3.47 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Palmitoylation describes the enzymatic attachment of a 16-carbon atom fatty acid to a target protein. Such lipidation events occur in all eukaryotes and can be of reversible (S-palmitoylation) or irreversible (N-palmitoylation) nature. In particular S-palmitoylation is dynamically regulated by two opposing types of enzymes which add (palmitoyl acyltransferases - PAT) or remove (acyl protein thioesterases) palmitate from proteins. Protein palmitoylation is an important process that dynamically regulates the assembly and compartmentalization of many neuronal proteins at specific subcellular sites. Enzymes that regulate protein palmitoylation are critical for several biological processes. To date, eight palmitoylation related genes have been reported to be associated with human disease. This review intends to give an overview on the pathological changes which are associated with defects in the palmitoylation/depalmitoylation process.Journal of Inherited Metabolic Disease 08/2014; DOI:10.1007/s10545-014-9753-0 · 4.14 Impact Factor