Toward an integrated clinical, molecular and serological classification of inflammatory bowel disease: Report of a Working Party of the 2005 Montreal World Congress of Gastroenterology.

Mount Sinai Hospital, Toronto, Canada.
Canadian journal of gastroenterology = Journal canadien de gastroenterologie (Impact Factor: 1.97). 10/2005; 19 Suppl A:5-36.
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT The discovery of a series of genetic and serological markers associated with disease susceptibility and phenotype in inflammatory bowel disease has led to the prospect of an integrated classification system involving clinical, serological and genetic parameters. The Working Party has reviewed current clinical classification systems in Crohn's disease, ulcerative colitis and indeterminate colitis, and provided recommendations for clinical classification in practice. Progress with respect to integrating serological and genetic markers has been examined in detail, and the implications are discussed. While an integrated system is not proposed for clinical use at present, the introduction of a widely acceptable clinical subclassification is strongly advocated, which would allow detailed correlations among serotype, genotype and clinical phenotype to be examined and confirmed in independent cohorts of patients and, thereby, provide a vital foundation for future work.


Available from: Amado Salvador Pena, Jun 12, 2015
1 Follower
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: North American and European genome-wide association scans have identified ATG16L1 and IL23R as novel inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) susceptibility genes and subsequent reports confirmed these findings in large independent populations. The aims of this study were to investigate the association and examine genotype-phenotype relationships in a Hungarian IBD cohort. 415 unrelated IBD patients (CD: 266, age: 35.2+/-12.1 years, duration: 8.7+/-7.5 years and UC: 149, age: 44.4+/-15.4 years, duration: 10.7+/-8.9 years) and 149 healthy subjects were investigated. IL23R Arg381Gln (R381Q, rs11209026) and ATG16L1 Thr300Ala (T300A, rs2241880) polymorphisms were tested using LightCycler allele discrimination method. Detailed clinical phenotypes were determined by reviewing the medical charts. The association between IL23R rs11209026, ATG16L1 rs2241880 and CD was confirmed (OR(IL23R381Q): 0.38, 95% CI: 0.16-0.87; OR(ATG16L1300AA): 1.86, 95% CI: 1.04-3.40). No difference was found between patients with UC and either controls or CD. In CD, IL23R 381Gln heterozygosity was associated with inflammatory disease (70% vs. 34%, p=0.037), while disease restricted to the colon was more prevalent in patients with the ATG16L1 300Ala/Ala homozygosity (33.3% vs. 21.1%, p=0.036). In addition, carriage of the variant alleles did not predict response to steroids, infliximab or need for surgery. We confirmed that ATG16L1 and IL23R are susceptibility loci for CD in Hungarian CD patients. Further studies are needed to confirm the reported phenotype-genotype associations found in this study.
    Digestive and Liver Disease 06/2008; 40(11):867-73. DOI:10.1016/j.dld.2008.03.022 · 2.89 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: A variety of targets for therapeutic intervention are based upon advances in understanding of the immunopathogenesis of Crohn's disease. Crohn's disease is initiated by an innate immune response, which eventuates in a T-cell driven process, characterized by a T-helper cell 1 type cytokine profile. Several new treatments now focus on suppressing T-cell differentiation or T-cell inflammation. Since inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) represents a state of dysregulated inflammation, drugs that augment the anti-inflammatory response have the potential to downregulate inflammation and thereby hopefully modify the disease. Tumour necrosis factor (TNF) is a major target of research and clinical investigation. TNF has proinflammatory effects in the intestinal mucosa and is a pivotal cytokine in the inflammatory cascade. Certolizumab pegol (CDP870) is a PEGylated, Fab' fragment of a humanized anti-TNF-alpha monoclonal antibody. PEGylation increases the half-life, reduces the requirement for frequent dosing, and possibly reduces antigenicity as well. Certolizumab has been shown in Phase III trials to achieve and maintain clinical response and remission in Crohn's disease patients. It improves the quality of life. Certolizumab pegol will be indicated for moderately to severely active Crohn's disease, but it is not yet licensed in Europe or the US. It is not possible to construct an algorithm for treatment, but when compared with infliximab the two principal advantages are likely to be lower immunogenicity (as shown by anti-drug antibodies, absence of infusion reactions, and low rate of antinuclear antibodies), and a subcutaneous route of administration. These two factors may be sufficient to promote it up the pecking order of anti-TNF agents.
    International Journal of Nanomedicine 02/2007; 2(1):39-47. DOI:10.2147/nano.2007.2.1.39 · 4.20 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Crohn's disease (CD) is an intractable inflammatory bowel disease of unknown cause. Recent genome-wide association studies of CD in Korean and Japanese populations suggested marginal sharing of susceptibility loci between Caucasian and Asian populations. As the 7 identified loci altogether explain 5.31% of the risk for CD, the objective of this study was to identify additional CD susceptibility loci in the Korean population. Using the ImmunoChip custom single-nucleotide polymorphism array designed for dense genotyping of 186 loci identified through GWAS, we analyzed 722 individuals with CD and 461 controls for 96,048 SNP markers in the discovery stage, followed by validation in an additional 948 affected individuals and 977 controls. We confirmed 6 previously reported loci in whites: GPR35 at 2q37 (rs3749172; P = 5.30 × 10, odds ratio [OR] = 1.45), ZNF365 at 10q21 (rs224143; P = 2.20 × 10, OR = 1.38), ZMIZ1 at 10q22 (rs1250569; P = 3.05 × 10, OR = 1.30), NKX2-3 at 10q24 (rs4409764; P = 7.93 × 10, OR = 1.32), PTPN2 at 18p11 (rs514000; P = 9.00 × 10, OR = 1.33), and USP25 at 21q11 (rs2823256; P = 2.49 × 10, OR = 1.35), bringing the number of known CD loci (including 3 in the HLA) in Koreans to 15. The 6 additional loci increased the total genetic variance for CD risk from 5.31% to 7.27% in Koreans. Although the different genetic backgrounds of CD between Asian and Western countries has been well established for the major susceptibility genes, our findings of overlapping associations offer new insights into the genetic architecture of CD.
    Inflammatory Bowel Diseases 12/2014; DOI:10.1097/MIB.0000000000000268 · 5.48 Impact Factor