Cause, seasonality of death and co-morbidities in progressive supranuclear palsy (PSP).
ABSTRACT The aim of this study was to investigate the causes and seasonality of death and co-morbid conditions among progressive supranuclear palsy (PSP) patients. 22 consecutive clinicopathologically confirmed PSP patients were compared with 22 gender and age-matched Parkinson's disease (PD) patients and 26 non-neurological controls. All subjects consented during life to donate their brains to the University of Miami Brain Endowment Bank. Respiratory-related deaths were significantly more frequent in PSP when compared to PD patients. Recurrent respiratory infections were also very frequent in PSP patients and were commonly associated with respiratory-related deaths. Deaths that occurred during winter and spring months accounted for about 70% of deaths among PSP patients. The most common co-morbid condition in PSP was hypertension, present in 50% of cases.
Article: Role of Hypertension in Aggravating Abeta Neuropathology of AD Type and Tau-Mediated Motor Impairment.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Epidemiological evidence suggests that hypertension may accelerate the onset and progression of Alzheimer's disease (AD). In this study, we explored the role of hypertension in the neurodegenerative changes associated with Abeta and tau aggregation. We induced hypertension in APP(swe) Tg2576 and P301L-tauTg mouse models. In Tg2576 mice, experimental hypertension was associated with a significant increase of the accumulation of Amyloid-beta (Abeta) peptides in brain tissue and a significant reduction of Abeta peptides in serum (P < .05). These results indicate that hypertension may promote AD-type Abeta neuropathology in Tg2576. In P301L-tauTg mice we found that the presence of hypertension was significantly associated with aggravated motor function assessed by hindlimb extension test (P = .01). These results suggest that hypertension may play a role in accelerating the progression of motor dysfunction associated with tau-related alterations. Our studies suggest that the management of blood pressure (BP) may alleviate AD-type Abeta neuropathology and neurological disorders associated with abnormal tau metabolism.Cardiovascular Psychiatry and Neurology 01/2009; 2009:107286.