Genetic polymorphism of N-acetyltransferase 2 in the susceptibility to laryngeal squamous cell carcinoma.

Mersin Universitesi Tip Fakultesi Hastanesi, KBB Anabilim Dali, Zeytinlibahce cad., 33079, Mersin, Turkey.
Head & Neck (Impact Factor: 3.01). 01/2006; 27(12):1056-60. DOI: 10.1002/hed.20284
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT The purpose of this study was to investigate whether polymorphism of N-acetyltransferase 2 (NAT2) genotypes are associated with the risk of laryngeal squamous cell carcinoma (SCC).
The study group consisted of 45 white patients with laryngeal SCC (42 men, with a mean age of 54 years [range, 37-70 years] and three women, with a mean age of 47 years [range, 32-55 years]) and 104 control subjects (68 men and 36 women; mean age, 50 years; range, 28-73 years). All of the patients were primarily treated with surgical intervention. Blood samples (5 mL) were obtained before surgery or from the patients under follow-up to 5 years after surgery (mean follow-up, 27 months; range, 6-48 months). DNA was extracted from the lymphocytes by high pure template preparation kit. NAT2*5A, NAT2*6A, NAT2*7A/B, and NAT2*14A were detected by use of LightCycler-NAT2 mutation detection kit by real-time polymerase chain reaction with Light Cycler instruments. The association between NAT2 polymorphisms and laryngeal SCC was prospectively modeled through multivariate logistic regression analysis.
We found that the risk of laryngeal SCC was 7.3-fold higher in individuals with NAT2*5 mutant allele, 3.8-fold higher in subjects with NAT2*6 heterozygote allele, and 38.3-fold higher in NAT2*6 mutant allele. We also found that individuals with NAT2*7 heterozygote allele had a 0.2-fold less risk for the development of laryngeal SCC (p = .018).
In this population, patients with NAT2*5 mutant and *6 heterozygous and mutant genotypes had a significantly higher risk for development of laryngeal SCC.


Available from: Yusuf Vayisoglu, Jun 15, 2015
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Polymorphisms at N-acetyl transferase 2 locus (NAT2) lead to slow, intermediate and rapid acetylation properties of the enzyme. Improper acetylation of heterocyclic and aromatic amines, present in tobacco, might cause DNA adduct formation. Generally, DNA repair enzymes remove these adduct to escape malignancy. But, tobacco users carrying susceptible NAT2 and DNA repair loci might be at risk of oral leukoplakia and cancer. In this study, 389 controls, 224 leukoplakia and 310 cancer patients were genotyped at 5 polymorphic sites on NAT2 and 3 polymorphic sites on each of XRCC1 and XPD loci by PCR-RFLP method to determine the risk of the diseases. None of the SNPs on these loci independently could modify the risk of the diseases in overall population but variant genotype (Gln/Gln) at codon 399 on XRCC1 and major genotype (Lys/Lys) at codon 751 on XPD were associated with increased risk of leukoplakia and cancer among slow acetylators, respectively (OR = 4.2, 95% CI = 1.2-15.0; OR = 1.6, 95% CI = 1.1-2.3, respectively). Variant genotype (Asn/Asn) at codon 312 on XPD was also associated with increased risk of cancer among rapid and intermediate acetylators (OR = 1.9, 95% CI = 1.2-2.9). Variant C-G-A haplotype at XRCC1 was associated with increased risk of leukoplakia (OR = 1.7, 95% CI = 1.2-2.4) but leukoplakia and cancer in mixed tobacco users (OR = 3.1, 95% CI = 1.4-7.1, OR = 2.4, 95% CI = 1.1-5.4, respectively) among slow acetylators. Although none of the 3 loci could modulate the risk of the diseases independently but 2 loci in combination, working in 2 different biochemical pathways, could do so in these patient populations.
    International Journal of Cancer 05/2007; 120(10):2148-56. DOI:10.1002/ijc.22547 · 5.01 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) and stroke-prone SHR (SHRSP) are frequently used as rat models not only of essential hypertension and stroke, but also of attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Normotensive Wistar-Kyoto rats (WKY) are used as the control rats in these cases. An increasing number of studies has demonstrated the critical role of the central nervous system in the development and maintenance of hypertension. In a previous study, we analyzed the gene expression profiles in the adrenal glands of SHR. Thus, in this study, we analyzed gene expression profiles in the brains of SHR in order to identify the genes responsible for causing hypertension and stroke, as well as those involved in ADHD. Using genome-wide microarray technology, we examined the gene expression profiles in the brains of 3 rat strains (SHR, SHRSP and WKY) when the rats were 3 and 6 weeks of age, a period in which the rats are considered to be in a pre-hypertensive state. Gene expression profiles in the brain were compared between SHR and WKY, and between SHRSP and SHR. A total of 179 genes showing a >4- or <-4-fold change in expression were isolated, and candidate genes were selected using two different web tools: the first tool was the Database for Annotation, Visualization and Integrated Discovery (DAVID), which was used to search for significantly enriched genes, and categorized them using Gene Ontology (GO) terms, and the second was the network explorer of Ingenuity Pathway Analysis (IPA), which was used to search for interaction networks among SHR- and SHRSP-specific genes. The IPA of SHR-specific genes revealed that prostaglandin E receptor 4 (Ptger4) is one of the candidate genes responsible for causing hypertension in SHR, and that albumin (Alb) and chymase 1 (Cma1) are also responsible for causing hypertension in SHR in the presence of angiotensinogen (Agt). Similar analyses of SHRSP-specific genes revealed that the angiotensin II receptor-associated gene (Agtrap) interacts with the FBJ osteosarcoma oncogene (Fos), and with the angiotensin II receptor type-1b (Agtr1b). As Agtrap and Agtr1b not only participate in the 'uptake of norepinephrine' and 'blood pressure', but also in the 'behavior' of SHRSP at 6 weeks of age, our data demonstrate a close association between hypertension and ADHD.
    International Journal of Molecular Medicine 01/2014; 33(4). DOI:10.3892/ijmm.2014.1631 · 1.88 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Previous evidence indicated that N-acetyltransferase 2 (NAT2) polymorphisms might be a risk factor for several cancers. A number of studies have been conducted on the association between NAT2 polymorphisms and head and neck cancer (HNC) risk. Nevertheless, the results were conflicting. Published meta-analysis on this issue has generated inconclusive results. Thus, we aimed to derive a more precise estimation of the relationship by conducting an updated meta-analysis. Published data prior to August 2013 have been searched and screened. Subgroup analysis on ethnicity, source of controls, sample size, and genotyping method were also performed. As a result, a total of 23 case-control studies including 4,028 cases and 4,872 controls were selected for analysis. Interestingly, the results showed that NAT2 polymorphisms might increase HNC risk for the overall data (OR 1.23, 95 % CI 1.01-1.49). Moreover, in subgroup analyses according to ethnicity, data showed that slow acetylators might increase HNC susceptibility among Asians (OR 1.78, 95 % CI 1.27-2.49), but not among Caucasians or mixed ethnicities. In conclusion, NAT2 polymorphism might be a low-penetrant risk factor for HNC among Asians.
    Tumor Biology 12/2013; 35(4). DOI:10.1007/s13277-013-1473-9 · 2.84 Impact Factor