Counterselection and co-delivery of transposon and transposase functions for Sleeping Beauty-mediated transposition in cultured mammalian cells.

Beckman Center for Transposon Research, Institute of Human Genetics, Department of Genetics, Cell Biology and Development, University of Minnesota, 6-160 Jackson Hall 321 Church Street S.E., Minneapolis, MN, 55455, USA.
Bioscience Reports (Impact Factor: 2.85). 12/2005; 24(6):577-94. DOI: 10.1007/s10540-005-2793-9
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Sleeping Beauty (SB) is a gene-insertion system reconstructed from transposon sequences found in teleost fish and is capable of mediating the transposition of DNA sequences from transfected plasmids into the chromosomes of vertebrate cell populations. The SB system consists of a transposon, made up of a gene of interest flanked by transposon inverted repeats, and a source of transposase. Here we carried out a series of studies to further characterize SB-mediated transposition as a tool for gene transfer to chromosomes and ultimately for human gene therapy. Transfection of mouse 3T3 cells, HeLa cells, and human A549 lung carcinoma cells with a transposon containing the neomycin phosphotransferase (NEO) gene resulted in a several-fold increase in drug-resistant colony formation when co-transfected with a plasmid expressing the SB transposase. A transposon containing a methotrexate-resistant dihydrofolate reductase gene was also found to confer an increased frequency of methotrexate-resistant colony formation when co-transfected with SB transposase-encoding plasmid. A plasmid containing a herpes simplex virus thymidine kinase gene as well as a transposon containing a NEO gene was used for counterselection against random recombinants (NEO+TK+) in medium containing G418 plus ganciclovir. Effective counterselection required a recovery period of 5 days after transfection before shifting into medium containing ganciclovir to allow time for transiently expressed thymidine kinase activity to subside in cells not stably transfected. Southern analysis of clonal isolates indicated a shift from random recombination events toward transposition events when clones were isolated in medium containing ganciclovir as well as G418. We found that including both transposon and transposase functions on the same plasmid substantially increased the stable gene transfer frequency in Huh7 human hepatoma cells. The results from these experiments contribute technical and conceptual insight into the process of transposition in mammalian cells, and into the optimal provision of transposon and transposase functions that may be applicable to gene therapy studies.

  • Studies in Surface Science and Catalysis - STUD SURF SCI CATAL. 01/2006; 159:125-128.
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    ABSTRACT: Non-viral integrating systems, PhiC31 phage integrase (ϕC31), and Sleeping Beauty transposase (SB), provide an effective method for ex vivo gene delivery into cells. Here, we used a plasmid-encoding GFP and neomycin phosphotransferase along with recognition sequences for both ϕC31 and SB integrating systems to demonstrate that both systems effectively mediated integration in cultured human fibroblasts and in rat multipotent adult progenitor cells (rMAPC). Southern blot analysis of G418-resistant rMAPC clones showed a 2-fold higher number of SB-mediated insertions per clone compared to ϕC31. Sequence identification of chromosomal junction sites indicated a random profile for SB-mediated integrants and a more restricted profile for ϕC31 integrants. Transgenic rMAPC generated with both systems maintained their ability to differentiate into liver and endothelium albeit with marked attenuation of GFP expression. We conclude that both SB and ϕC31 are effective non-viral integrating systems for genetic engineering of MAPC in basic studies of stem cell biology.
    Stem cells international. 01/2011; 2011:717069.
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    ABSTRACT: The Sleeping Beauty (SB) transposon system can insert defined sequences into chromosomes to direct the extended expression of therapeutic genes. Our goal is to develop the SB system for nonviral complementation of Fanconi anemia (FA), a rare autosomal recessive disorder accompanied by progressive bone marrow failure. We used a CytoPulse electroporation system (CytoPulse, Glen Burnie, MD, USA) to introduce SB transposons into human lymphoblastoid cells (LCL) derived from both Fanconi anemia type C (FA-C) defective and normal patients. Correction of the FA-C defect was assessed by resistance to mitomycin C, a DNA-crosslinking agent. Culture of both cell types with the antioxidant N-acetyl- l-cysteine improved cell viability after electroporation. Co-delivery of enhanced green fluorescent protein (GFP) transposon with SB100X transposase-encoding plasmid supported a 50- to 90-fold increase in stable GFP expression compared to that observed in the absence of SB100X for normal LCL, but in FA-C defective LCL SB100X enhancement of stable GFP-expression was a more moderate five- to 13-fold. SB-mediated integration and expression of the FA-C gene was demonstrated by the emergence of a mitomycin C-resistant population bearing characteristic transposon-chromosome junction sequences and exhibiting a mitomycin dose response identical to that of normal LCL. The SB transposon system achieved stable expression of therapeutic FA-C genes, complementing the genetic defect in patient-derived cells by nonviral gene transfer.
    The Journal of Gene Medicine 07/2011; 13(9):462-9. · 1.95 Impact Factor

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