Simultaneous bilateral spontaneous pneumothorax observed during the administration of gefitinib for lung adenocarcinoma with multiple lung metastases.
ABSTRACT A 41-year-old man with productive cough was admitted to our hospital. His chest roentgenogram showed multiple small nodules in the bilateral lung fields. The nodules were revealed as intrapulmonary metastases of the adenocarcinoma of the lung. Systemic chemotherapy with paclitaxel and carboplatin was not effective, and continuous oral gefitinib therapy was initiated. Twenty-one days later, spontaneous pneumothorax was found in the left lung, and four days after that, in the right lung as well. The extent of the pneumothorax was slight; therefore, he recovered without drainage within several days. Spontaneous pneumothorax, especially bilateral pneumothorax, is a rare complication of chemotherapy for lung cancer.
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ABSTRACT: Introduction: Pneumothorax is either primary or secondary. Secondary pneumothorax is usually due to trauma, including various non-pharmacologic iatrogenic triggers. Although not normally thought of as an adverse drug event (ADE) secondary pneumothorax is associated with numerous drugs, though it is often difficult to determine whether this association is causal in nature, or reflects an epiphenomenon of efficacy or inefficacy, or confounding by indication (CBI). Herein we explore this association in a large health authority drug safety surveillance database. Methods: A quantitative pharmacovigilance (PhV) methodology known as disproportionality analysis was applied to the United States Food and Drug Administration (US FDA) Adverse Event Reporting System (AERS) database to explore the quantitative reporting dependencies between drugs and the adverse event pneumothorax as well the corresponding reporting dependencies between drugs and reported indications that may be risk factors for pneumothorax themselves in order to explore the potential contribution of CBI. Results: We found 1. Multiple drugs are associated with pneumothorax; 2. Surfactants and oncology drugs account for most statistically distinctive associations with pneumothorax; 3. Pulmonary surfactants, pentamidine and nitric oxide have the largest statistical reporting associations 4. CBI may play a prominent role in reports of drug-associated pneumothorax. Conclusions: Disproportionality analysis (DA) can provide insights into the spontaneous reporting dependencies between drugs and pneumothorax. CBI assessment based on DA and Cornfield's inequality presents an additional novel option for the initial exploration of potential safety signals in PhV.International journal of medical sciences 01/2013; 10(8):965-973. · 1.55 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Pneumothorax is a complication that rarely occurs after chemotherapy for lung cancer. We report the chest computed tomography findings of a case of spontaneous pneumothorax complicating docetaxel (Taxotere®) treatment for pulmonary metastasis in a 70-year-old woman with pulmonary adenocarcinoma. The patient developed bilateral pneumothoraces, which was induced by changes in the cavitary pulmonary metastatic lesions, after systemic chemotherapy with docetaxel. The chest computed tomography findings and possible mechanisms of this unusual complication are discussed in this report.Singapore medical journal 06/2013; 54(6):e133-e134. · 0.63 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Objective Endometrial cancer with hematogenous metastases can be treated with chemotherapy. We present a case of spontaneous pneumothorax that occurred when a solitary pulmonary endometrial metastatic lesion was treated with paclitaxel plus carboplatin. Case report A 38-year-old female had stage II endometrial endometrioid adenocarcinoma. Solitary bilateral pulmonary metastases developed after primary treatment. Complete remission accompanied by a right spontaneous pneumothorax occurred during chemotherapy with paclitaxel plus carboplatin. Conclusion Rapid shrinkage of a pulmonary space-occupying tumor sometimes causes rare but life-threatening spontaneous pneumothoraces. We report the first case of a spontaneous pneumothorax after using paclitaxel plus carboplatin in the treatment of endometrial cancer.Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology 06/2014; 53(2):245–247. · 1.26 Impact Factor