Plasma adiponectin, body mass index, and mortality in patients with chronic heart failure
ABSTRACT Recent studies have suggested that higher body mass index (BMI) is associated with improved prognosis in chronic heart failure (CHF). The adipocytokine adiponectin is inversely associated with BMI, and in healthy subjects, low adiponectin is a predictor of mortality. In a prospective study, we therefore evaluated the association between plasma adiponectin levels and mortality among patients with CHF.
In 195 CHF patients (age 69.3+/-10.2 years, BMI 27.3+/-5.2 kg/m2, left ventricular ejection fraction 30+/-8.9%, mean+/-SD), plasma adiponectin and N-terminal pro brain natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) were measured at baseline. Adiponectin was positively associated with NT-proBNP (beta=0.47, P<0.001), and both biomarkers were negatively associated with BMI (beta=-0.43, P<0.001 for adiponectin and beta=-0.38, P<0.001 for NT-proBNP, respectively) During a median follow-up of 2.6 years, 46 (23.5%) of the patients died. After adjustment for clinical variables associated with CHF severity (age, systolic blood pressure, left ventricular ejection fraction <25%, duration of CHF, and creatinine clearance) and for NT-proBNP, the hazard ratio of mortality for values in the 2 upper tertiles relative to the lowest tertile of adiponectin was 3.23 (P=0.032). BMI predicted mortality independently of clinical parameters of CHF severity (hazard ratio=0.63, P=0.012), but this association became insignificant after additional adjustment for NT-proBNP (hazard ratio=0.74, P=0.13).
A high adiponectin level was a predictor of mortality, independent of risk markers of CHF severity, presumably because of its role as a marker for wasting. BMI was also associated with mortality, but a part of this relation may be mediated by adiponectin and NT-proBNP levels.
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ABSTRACT: Previously considered a disease isolated to the pulmonary circulation, pulmonary arterial hypertension is now being recognized as a systemic disorder that is associated with significant metabolic dysfunction. Numerous animal models have demonstrated the development of pulmonary arterial hypertension following the onset of insulin resistance, indicating that insulin resistance may be causal. Recent publications highlighting alterations in aerobic glycolysis, fatty acid oxidation, and the tricarboxylic acid cycle in the pulmonary circulation and right ventricle have expanded our understanding of the complex pathobiology of this disease. By targeting these derangements in metabolism, numerous researchers are investigating noninvasive techniques to monitor disease activity and therapeutics that address the underlying metabolic condition. In the following review, we will explore pre-clinical and clinical studies investigating the metabolic dysfunction seen in pulmonary arterial hypertension.Current Hypertension Reports 04/2015; 17(4):524. DOI:10.1007/s11906-014-0524-y · 3.90 Impact Factor
International journal of biological sciences 01/2008; DOI:10.7150/ijbs.4.208 · 4.37 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: To asses liver markers in older patients with hip fracture (HF) in relation to age, comorbidities, metabolic characteristics and short-term outcomes. In 294 patients with HF (mean age 82.0±7.9 years, 72.1% women) serum alanine aminotransferase (ALT), gammaglutamyltransferase (GGT), alkaline phosphatase (ALP), albumin, bilirubin, 25(OH)vitaminD, PTH, calcium, phosphate, magnesium, adiponectin, leptin, resistin, thyroid function and cardiac troponin I were measured. Elevated ALT, GGT, ALP or bilirubin levels on admission were observed in 1.7% - 9.9% of patients. With age GGT, ALT and leptin decrease, while PTH and adiponectin concentrations increase. Higher GGT (>30U/L, median level) was associated with coronary artery disease (CAD), diabetes mellitus (DM), and alcohol overuse; lower ALT (≤20U/L, median level) with dementia; total bilirubin >20μmol/L with CAD and alcohol overuse; and albumin >33g/L with CAD. Multivariate adjusted regression analyses revealed ALT, ALP, adiponectin, alcohol overuse and DM as independent and significant determinants of GGT (as continuous or categorical variable); GGT for each other liver marker; and PTH for adiponectin. The risk of prolonged hospital stay (>20 days) was about two times higher in patients with GGT>30U/L or adiponectin >17.14 ng/L (median level) and 4.7 times higher if both conditions coexisted. The risk of in-hospital death was 3 times higher if albumin was <33g/L. In older HF patients liver markers even within the normal range are associated with age-related disorders and outcomes. Adiponectin (but not 25(OH)vitaminD, PTH, leptin or resistin) is an independent contributor to higher GGT. Serum GGT and albumin predict prolonged hospital stay and in-hospital death, respectively. A unifying hypothesis of the findings presented.