Discovery of a gene family critical to wyosine base formation in a subset of phenylalanine-specific transfer RNAs

Department of Molecular Biology, The Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA.
Journal of Biological Chemistry (Impact Factor: 4.6). 12/2005; 280(45):37616-22. DOI: 10.1074/jbc.M506939200
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT A large number of post-transcriptional base modifications in transfer RNAs have been described (Sprinzl, M., Horn, C., Brown, M., Ioudovitch, A., and Steinberg, S. (1998) Nucleic Acids Res. 26, 148-153). These modifications enhance and expand tRNA function to increase cell viability. The intermediates and genes essential for base modifications in many instances remain unclear. An example is wyebutosine (yW), a fluorescent tricyclic modification of an invariant guanosine situated on the 3'-side of the tRNA(Phe) anticodon. Although biosynthesis of yW involves several reaction steps, only a single pathway-specific enzyme has been identified (Kalhor, H. R., Penjwini, M., and Clarke, S. (2005) Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. 334, 433-440). We used comparative genomics analysis to identify a cluster of orthologous groups (COG0731) of wyosine family biosynthetic proteins. Gene knock-out and complementation studies in Saccharomyces cerevisiae established a role for YPL207w, a COG0731 ortholog that encodes an 810-amino acid polypeptide. Further analysis showed the accumulation of N(1)-methylguanosine (m(1)G(37)) in tRNA from cells bearing a YPL207w deletion. A similar lack of wyosine base and build-up of m(1)G(37) is seen in certain mammalian tumor cell lines. We proposed that the 810-amino acid COG0731 polypeptide participates in converting tRNA(Phe)-m(1)G(37) to tRNA(Phe)-yW.

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