Parental perspectives on influenza immunization of children aged 6 to 23 months
ABSTRACT For the first time, in 2002, the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices encouraged the vaccination of healthy children 6 to 23 months against influenza, whenever feasible. Participating inner-city health centers designed interventions to introduce influenza vaccination among this group of children. The study was designed to assess parents' attitudes toward the vaccine.
Following the 2002-2003 influenza vaccination season, parents were surveyed to identify barriers to and facilitators of influenza vaccination. A low-literacy level, 19-question survey was mailed to parents in three waves, 4 weeks apart. A subset of children had medical record data available to confirm vaccination status. Measures of validity were calculated. This paper focused only on the children whose parent-reported vaccination status was concordant with that reported in medical records (n = 193). Associations of responses to vaccination status were calculated in 2004, using chi-square and logistic regression procedures.
Sensitivity was 85.7% and specificity was 66% (kappa = 0.50), assessing the ability of parents to recall receipt or nonreceipt of influenza vaccine. The most important factors related to immunization of healthy infants were perceived doctor's recommendation (odds ratio [OR] = 5.5; 95% confidence interval [CI] = 2.4-12.3; p < 0.001) and belief that getting an influenza shot is a smart idea (OR = 3.5; 95% CI = 1.3-8.9; p < 0.01) for those with medical record-confirmed vaccination status.
A clear message that the doctor recommends influenza vaccination for a child is an important factor for ensuring vaccination, and may foster the idea that vaccination is "smart."
- SourceAvailable from: Donald Jiang[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: This study applied the Health Belief Model to investigate factors in the decision by caregivers to vaccinate their children for influenza. Cross-sectional study. SAMPLE AND MEASUREMENTS: Purposive sampling obtained 2,778 useable responses to surveys of 33 public health centers and 40 medical institutions participating in vaccination programs in southern Taiwan. Data were collected using the Caregiver Demographics and Children's Health History Questionnaire, Children's Influenza Vaccination History Questionnaire, and a Health Belief Model Questionnaire. Multiple logistic regression was used to analyze predictors of influenza vaccinations in children. Predictors of vaccination revealed by logistic regression analysis included age, current employment, and residence of the caregiver as well as chronic disease, hospitalization, and influenza histories of the child. Other predictors revealed by the Health Belief Model were perceived susceptibility of the children to influenza, perceived benefits of vaccinations to children, perceived barriers to vaccinations, and cues to action. Eleven items in the model were also significant predictors of vaccination. The survey results can be used to develop strategies for increasing influenza vaccination rates.Journal of Community Health Nursing 01/2011; 28(1):29-40. DOI:10.1080/07370016.2011.539087 · 0.65 Impact Factor
- [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: We compared estimates of childhood influenza vaccination coverage by health status, age, and racial/ethnic group across eight consecutive influenza seasons (2004 through 2012) based on two survey systems to assess trends in childhood influenza vaccination coverage in the U.S.
- [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Pregnant women and children are at increased risk of severe influenza infections. Despite existing recommendations, uptake of influenza vaccine in these vulnerable groups remains low. Text message reminder-recalls are a feasible and scalable method for promoting influenza vaccination. In randomized controlled trials, text message interventions have demonstrated small but significant increases in influenza vaccine coverage. They should be considered one of many tools available for increasing vaccination and thus improving maternal and child health.Expert Review of Vaccines 12/2014; 14(3):1-3. DOI:10.1586/14760584.2015.993384 · 4.22 Impact Factor