Therapeutic approach in a case of Pearson's syndrome

Department of Paediatrics, University of Verona, Verona, Italy.
Minerva pediatrica (Impact Factor: 0.43). 07/2005; 57(3):143-6.
Source: PubMed


Mitochondrial cytopathy is a multisystemic disease that requires different pharmacological and specialist approaches; although most therapies are usually of scarce effectiveness. We describe a clinical management of a very young girl with Pearson's syndrome that developed the symptoms of Kearns-Sayre syndrome. Many of symptoms were temporarily improved by the replacement therapy with hydrocortisone introduced to treat the partial adrenal insufficiency. During her life, she showed an ample clinical spectrum of symptoms because of multiple organs involvements: firstly bone marrow and, thereafter, brain, retina, inner ear, and kidney. Partial adrenal insufficiency, rarely described in mitochondrial disorders, was a distinctive characteristic of this case. When our patient was treated with hydrocortisone, in addition to ubiquinone and carnitine, the episodes of decompensation regressed and an improvement of the adrenal insufficiency, but only temporary reversion of the weakness of muscle, ophthalmoplegia and of the fatigue, were testified. Nevertheless, after a brief period of recovery, she developed the de Toni-Debré-Fanconi syndrome and the reappearance of the neurological symptoms.

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    • "Given the multi-systemic feature of mitochondrial cytopathies, different pharmacological approaches are required, but most of the proposed therapies are usually of scarce effectiveness (Zaffanello and Zamboni, 2005). "
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    Mitochondrion 07/2011; 12(1):77-85. DOI:10.1016/j.mito.2011.07.004 · 3.25 Impact Factor
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    • "Mitochondrial cytopathy is a multisystem disease that requires different pharmacological and specialist approaches. Relationships between retinal and kidney disorders advocate a search for de Toni-Debré-Fanconi syndrome in all patients with Kearns-Sayre syndrome and also the use of quantitative and chromatographic methods for the assessment of amino acids, phosphates and sugars in urine [14,15]. "
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    ABSTRACT: Kearns-Sayre syndrome is a mitochondrial myopathy that demonstrates chronic progressive ophthalmoplegia with onset before the age of 20 and pigmentary degeneration of the retina. We report the case of an 18-year-old Romanian man with short stature, external ophthalmoplegia, palpebral ptosis, myopathy, sensorineural hearing impairment, cerebellar ataxia, cardiac conduction defect, diabetes mellitus, hypoparathyroidism and hyperaldosteronism. The patient's evolution showed progressive insufficiency of the renal tubule: hyperphosphaturia, hyperaminoaciduria and, later, glucosuria (de Toni-Debré-Fanconi syndrome), a syndrome, to date, rarely diagnosed in association with complete Kearns-Sayre syndrome. The final diagnosis was delayed for several years and was only established when he developed diabetes mellitus. Southern blot analysis and polymerase chain reaction amplification revealed the presence of a deletion in the mitochondrial DNA. DESPITE THE RARITY OF THIS SYNDROME, THE DIAGNOSIS WAS EASILY MADE DUE TO THE PRESENCE OF THE CLASSIC TRIAD: external ophthalmoplegia, pigmentary retinopathy and onset in a patient younger than 20 years old. In our opinion, a search for Kearns-Sayre syndrome in all patients with de Toni-Debré-Fanconi syndrome is a valuable medical routine.
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    ABSTRACT: At onset mitochondrial disorders (MID) frequently manifest as a mono-organic problem but turn into multisystem disease during the disease course in most of the cases. Organs/tissues most frequently affected in MID are the cerebrum, peripheral nerves, and the skeletal muscle. Additionally, most of the inner organs may be affected alone or in combination. Hematological manifestations of MID include aplastic, megaloblastic, or sideroblastic anemia, leukopenia, neutropenia, thrombocytopenia, or pancytopenia. In single cases either permanent or recurrent eosinophilia has been observed. Hematological abnormalities may occur together with syndromic or nonsyndromic MIDs. Syndromic MIDs, in which hematological manifestations predominate, are the Pearson syndrome (pancytopenia), Kearns-Sayre syndrome (anemia), Barth syndrome (neutropenia), and the autosomal recessive mitochondrial myopathy, lactic acidosis and sideroblastic anemia syndrome. In single cases with Leigh's syndrome, MERRF (myoclonic epilepsy and ragged-red fiber) syndrome, Leber's hereditary optic neuropathy, and Friedreich's ataxia anemia has been described. Anemia, leukopenia, thrombocytopenia, eosinophilia, or pancytopenia can frequently also be found in nonsyndromic MIDs with or without involvement of other tissues. Therapy of blood cell involvement in MID comprises application of antioxidants, vitamins, iron, bone marrow-stimulating factors, or substitution of cells.
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